It doesn’t necessarily take Joshua and his trumpet to knock down a brick wall. Sometimes, it can be done with persistence, perseverance, and patience, patience, patience and finding an Internet genealogy lookup angel.

One of the long standing brick walls in researching the ancestry of descendants of John Cutler Braddock is finding the origin of Spicer Samuel Christopher, father-in-law of John’s two sons John David and William. There are abundant mentions of Spicer in East Florida Papers—records of the second Spanish possession of Florida. However, only the 1783 census taken by the Spanish immediately after regaining the province and a handful of baptismal records give hints of his origin, saying only that he was a native of Maryland and giving his parents names as John Christopher and Martha Watson. The baptismal records reveal one other possible clue: Spicer gave four of his children the middle name Bluit, which would make one think Bluit, or a version of it, could be a family name. Spicer makes an even stronger case for it being a family name in an entry in his will. After identifying a grantee as his niece, he wrote, “I do freely give and grant unto Martha Bluit Grisholm. . .” Two other possible clues are his given name, Spicer, and that of his brother, Spencer, who signed a Spanish oath of allegiance January 4, 1803 in hopes of getting a Spanish land grant, a hope he never realized.  

Soon after learning eleven years ago that Spicer Christopher was one of my ancestors, I began surfing the Internet for his origin, using various combinations of the names Christopher, Spicer, Spencer, Watson, and various spellings of Bluit, along with the word, Maryland. As new web sites are continuously being added to the Internet, I surfed periodically in hopes of getting a rewarding hit. With each fruitless try, my tries grew further and further apart. Recently, after not trying in over a year, I gave it another shot and immediately got a hit on the Maryland State Archives web site. In Somerset County’s tax records for the years from 1723 through 1759, with a few years missing here and there, Christophers—including four Johns—Spicers, Watsons, and Bluetts were listed.

Adding the word Somerset to my searching, I got a hit on Lower DelMarVa Shore USGenWeb Counties genealogy web site. Delmarva stands for the peninsula between the Atlantic and Chesapeake bay, which is occupied by parts of Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia.


I made the most important discovery of my search on the DelMarVa website: lookup volunteer Elizabeth Smith. During the course of my research I received 332 emails from Elizabeth, most of them containing information or directions for finding information. To say I couldn’t have done it without her would be the understatement of the year. Between the two of us we found enough records to get a reasonable picture of several limbs of Spicer’s ancestry and for several generations on some of them.

Elizabeth obtained from  Delmarva historian Rebecca F. Miller the most critical piece of information of all, that the youngest of the four John Christophers married a Martha—but her maiden name wasn’t Watson, it was Bluett. Until Rebecca saved the day, identifying this Martha had been the toughest part. Martha Bluetts appearing on two different documents of the same time period were at first thought to be the same Martha who had married Joseph Dashiell. Several records identify Martha Bluett Dashiell as the daughter of Thomas Bluett and Eleanor Covington. One is the will of Thomas Bluett:

Source: Calendar of Kent County, Delware Probate Records 1680-1800
Compiled by: Leon
deValinger, Jr
p. 131
Bluett, Thomas. Will Made July 30 1748. Dover. Heirs: wife Eleanor; dau. Martha. Exec'x, wife Eleanor. Wits., Nicholas Ridgely, Peter Galloway, Robert
Willcocks. Prob. Feb. 3, 1748. Arch. vol A4, pages 149 & 154. Reg. of Will s,
Liber K, folio 1

Several other records in the Maryland State Archives and elsewhere mention her being married to Joseph Dashiell. One is the will of her brother-in-law Benjamin Dashiell. An extract of the will can be found on the Maryland State Archives at web page address:  (wills for two Benjamin Dashiells are on this web page. Martha is on the second one.)

DASHIELL, BENJAMIN, Somerset Co., mariner, disordered with small pox.
    To cousin John Bunkel, L 50 at age 21 to be paid by my bro. & extr., Joseph Dashiell, who is to keep the money if sd. John d. before age 21.
    Witn: Charles Ballard, Eleanor Stevens, Martha Bluett.
    Sworn to 4 Sept. 1759 by Eleanor Stevens & Martha Bluett (alias Dashiell) & 11 [Sept. 1759] by Charles Ballard.

Scant few records could be found for the other Martha, however, one from “Maryland Probate Records,” V.L. Skinner, Jr., clearly establishes that she was the daughter of John Bluett and Marian Watts (her mother’s given name is shown as “Merrin”).

This Martha was a Bluett, not a Watson. I found no Martha among the several Watsons in Somerset County. Her mother was a Watts who married a Bluett and had an uncle named Spicer and a brother named Spencer. If these are mere coincidences, it’s a lot of them.

Keddie, Niel and Leslie, Somerset County, Maryland Land Records, Liber MF 0-20, 1738-1742, page 21:

Grantor: JOHN BLUETT, planter         06/29/1741
MARIAN BLUETT, wife of John and one of the daughters of John Watts, dec.
WINIFRED WATTS, spinster, daughter of John Watts, deceased THOMAS COLLIER, planter ANN COLLIER, wife of Thomas Grantee: DAVID POLK
The grantors for the sum of 116 pounds current money of Maryland convey to Polk all that part of a tract of land called "Little Belean" or "Little Below" and all that part of the said tract of land which lies on the north side of the Little Cuttemattico Creek being 75 acres more or less and which land John Windsor, deceased by his last will and testament devised to the said John Watts and to have all the houses, fences, orchards, etc.
Witnesses: Thomas Gillis, Isaac Handy

Note: John Bluett and Thomas Collier signed the deed in their own hands and Miriam, Winifred, and Ann signed with their marks

Keddie, Niel and Leslie, Rent Rolls of Somerset County, Maryland
Conveyances & Resurveys:

08/01/1713 Samuel Handy, Sr. from John Scott, attorney for John Watts and Spicer Watts. 300 acres

Keddie, Niel and Leslie, Somerset County, Maryland Land Deeds:

Grantor: Benjamin Handy
Grantee: George Smith Junior
7 March 1755                     8 March 1755
That Benjamin Handy, for divers good causes and for 8 pounds, conveys part of a tract called Rum Ridge. This tract was granted to Thomas Cox Senior by His Lordship’s deed of grant dated in the year 1681. This was conveyed from Cox to John Friseill and from Frisiell to William Wallace and from Wallace to John Watts. John Watts conveyed to his sons John and Spencer Watts. John and Spencer conveyed to Samuel Handy Senior of Somerset County. Samuel Handy Senior, by his last will and testament, left to Ebenezer Handy. And from Ebenezer Handy to Benjamin Handy, the present grantor, who now conveys to George Smith Junior. Beginning at a pine standing in the branch and contains 40 acres and includes all house, orchards, fences and woods

The following sources and input provided electronically 18 Oct 2007 by Delmarva historian Rebecca F. Miller helped prove that this Martha Bluett married John Christopher, the ultimate of coincidences, if that’s all it is.

Skinner, V.L., Jr., Abstracts of the Administration Accounts of the Prerogative Court of Maryland, 1744-1750, page 109:

Administrator William Toadvine filed an account on the estate of John Blewitt on 28 July 1748 showing distribution to representatives Merrin the widow and now wife of the accountant, and to Martha Bluitt; sureties were Moses Driskell and William Laws (25:165).

The following deed extract from Dryden, Ruth T., Land Records of Wicomico County, Maryland, p. 120 shows that William Toadvine married Miriam Watts:

On 25 November 1749 William Toadvine of Worcester County and wife Miriam (formerly Miriam Watts daughter of John and Ann Watts) and Isaac Tull, carpenter with wife Winifred Tull (formerly Winifred Watts daughter of John and Ann Watts) sold to Henry Lowe for five shillings and money paid to John Watts 55 acres of Dowgate on the Wicomico River and Sarahs Neck that John Watts purchased of James Caldwell (X:81).

Originally, Worcester County was a part of Somerset County , founded in 1666. Worcester County came into being December 10, 1742, when the eastern section of Somerset was incorporated into a new county. Another accounting of the estate of John Bluett/Blewitt, (PREROGATIVE COURT (Accounts) Liber 42, folio 57, John Blewitt, August 1758 [MSA S531, MdHR 1064-1, 1/11/4/2] (2).) twelve years after the first one, reveals that in the interim Martha has married John Christopher.  The account record begins with:

"The additional  account of William Toadvine Admn. of all and singular the goods of chattles, rights and credits of John Blewitt, late of Worcester County deceased. This accountant charges himself with the balance of a former account exhibited into the Prerogative Office and there recorded amounting  to the sum of 107 4 3 [107 pounds, 4 shillings, 3 pence] and humbly prays allowance for the following payment and disbursements."

After a lengthy list of disbursements amounting to 79 pounds, 0 shillings, 12 pence, the remaining balance of 27 pounds, 16 shillings, 1 pence is distributed as follows:

"of the balance paid to John Christopher who married the dec'd's [deceased's] daughter being the representative for the above ballc [balance] & rect. [receipt] in fill appl."

It is known from records in Florida and Georgia that John and Martha had two children: Spicer Samuel and Spencer. They may have had at least one other son. In September 2006, I received an email from Virginia Steele Wood, Naval & Maritime History Reference Specialist at the Library of Congress and author of several works of Southern history of a maritime nature, asking if I were familiar with a Bluit Christain who was captain of the ship Industry which had delivered supplies to Georgia troops preparing for the third expedition against British East Florida. I replied that with the given name of Bluit his last name had to be Christopher instead of Christian. She apparently agreed because I received the following response:

In what is currently my draft of chapter 6 concerning Georgia's third military expedition to E. Florida in 1778, I have tried to identify all the Ga.-S.C. vessels involved. This is difficult, but it turns out that all four of Georgia's galleys were down there as well as South Carolina's galley BEAUFORT, Lt. James Mayberry.  Also the schooner INDUSTRY, Bluit Christopher.  This information about B. Christopher is all too brief, but it comes from a ration return (receipt) that I found in the Sheftall Papers at headquarters of the American Jewish Historical Society now located in New York City.  Back in 1998, when I examined those papers for a week, they were at the society's headquarters on the campus of Brandies University, Waltham, Mass. To my knowledge the papers have never been arranged by an archivist and only selected documents have been microfilmed; a copy of that film is at the Georgia Archives

Following are the ancestries of John Christopher and Martha Bluett:


John Christopher:
It is not known when he was born or died. It is likely he was born a few years before Martha. She was born in 1739. As Spicer was born in 1759, John probably married Martha a short few years before 1759. Maryland historical records reveal a few things about him:
¨      Son of Clement Christopher and Sarah Shockley.
¨      Husband of Martha Bluett.
¨      Was on Somerset County, MD tax records as a dependant to his father, Clement Sr., from 1753 through  1757. Is shown as Head of household for 1759, last year of tax records. There were no tax records for 1755 and 1758.
¨      Listed in 1759 as church pew holder in Rockawalkin Presbyterian Church.
¨      Had two lots surveyed in 1762, according to Worcester County Circuit Court - Land Surveys and Condominium Plats:
      ¨      Christophers Lot, John Christopher, 50 Acres 1762/11/19 Unpatented Certificate 288
      ¨      Brothers Good Will, John Christopher, 50 Acres 1762/04/17 Patented Certificate 373
¨      Signed a petition for an act in October 1763 to promote the advantages of the town of Salisbury.
¨      Had an account with John Nelms Store of Salisbury 25 Sep 1765-23 Jan 1768 Balance from Ledger C 1 pound/3 pence/9 shillings with three years interest. 1 pound/8 pence/0 shillings/. “Charged beginning 27 Jan 1767 bridle, one doz. small buttons. Paid in full in cash on 8 Apr 1769 1 pound /15 pence/5 shilling.”
¨      Witnessed will of Isaiah Bayley  10 Jan 1775.
¨      Witnessed will of Matthias Dashiell 4 Nov 1783.       



Clement Christopher:
¨      Son of John Christopher II and Hannah.
¨      Husband of Sarah Shockley, daughter of John Shockley and Sarah.
¨      Father of John husband Martha Bluett, Clement, William, and Anne.
¨      Was on Somerset County, MD tax records as a dependant to his father, John II, from 1724 through 1735.  Shown as Head of household from 1736 through 1759, last year of tax records.
¨      Witnessed will of Stephen Bailey 13 Feb 1729.
¨      Witnessed will of George ‘Baily’ 21 Feb. 1746.
¨      Listed in 1759 as church pew holder in Rockawalkin Presbyterian Church, said to be the first Presbyterian church in America.
¨      Witnessed will of John Mears 01 Nov 1759.     
¨      Store Accounts of John Nelms of Salisbury 1758-1787 shows he owed a balance of 0 pounds/11 pence/4 shillings and that no payment received by 1768.
¨      Estate appraised 19 Aug 1767.

John Christopher II:
¨      Son of John Christopher I and Ann.
¨      Born 16 Jan 1669 in Calvert County, Maryland.
¨      Husband of Hannah.
¨      Father of Clement husband of Sarah Shockley, Hannah, Mary, John, Grace, Sarah, and Joseph.
¨      Served on a grand jury 12 Oct 1689.
¨      Along with many other Somerset County residents, signed letter in November 1689 to the king and queen of England
expressing gratitude for there continued support of the colony.

¨      Sold 100 acres to John Lokey 10 Oct 1710.
¨      According to Maryland Calendar of Wills, Volume 3, was testator of will of Robert Crouch 28 Nov 1711.
¨      Granted 200 acres to Edward Harper 3 Mar 1721.
¨      Was on Somerset County, MD tax records as Head of household for 1724, the first year of tax records, through 1744.
¨      Died January 1750 in Somerset County, Maryland.
¨      Will:
       29 Jan. 1749/50
       CHRISTOPHER, JOHN, Somerset Co., stricken in years.
       To dau. Hannah Gordy, to Grace Morry, & to Sarah Parris, 1 sh. sterl. apiece.
       To son Clement Christopher, the plntn. where I live & the plntn where he lives      
after my d. & the d. of my wife, Hannah Christopher.
       To dau. Mary, a loom & spinning wheel.
       To grdson William, a cow & calf.
       The residue to son & extr., [Christo]pher.
       Witn: [Christo]pher Dowdall, Heron Ridish, Thomas Crouch.
       18 Aug. 1757, sworn to by Doubdle & Readish.    

John Christopher I:
¨      Name of his father was not found. Gust Skordas’ book, Early Settlers of Maryland, lists one possibility, a John Christopher transported to Maryland, in service. in 1662.
¨      Husband of Ann.
¨      Father of John II husband of Hannah, Jane, Ann, and Ephraim.
¨      Served on the jury of a murder trial 6 Nov 1668.
¨      Deeded 50 acres to John Davis 18 Nov 1682.
¨      Was taken to court by Andrew Whittington 6 Feb 1683 over a debt.
¨      Was on Somerset County, MD tax records as Head of household for 1724, the first year of tax records, through 1747.  


John Shockley:
¨      Son of Richard Shockley and Ann Boyden.
¨      Husband of Sarah.
¨      Father of Sarah wife of Clement Christopher, Isaac, Benjamin, Jonathan, John, Mary, Solomon, Richard.
¨      Signed a petition for an act in October 1763 to promote the advantages of the town of Salisbury.
¨      Will probated 19 Jun 1766.

Richard Shockley:
¨      According to one source, was born in Kent, England. 
¨      Husband of Ann Boyden 4 Oct 1674.
¨      Had children John husband of Sarah, Richard, David, Eleanor, Elizabeth, Mary, and William.
¨      Died 23 Aug 1716.

Because I’ve not found some wives’ maiden names and also because of the insurmountable, if not impossible, task of tracking the known family names back to England, or from wherever they came, I have no more on the ancestry of John Christopher who married Martha Bluett.


Martha Bluett:
¨      Daughter of John Bluett and Marian Watts.
¨       Was born on 6 Sep 1739 in Stepney Parish, Somerset Co, MD. Source: Stephney Parish Records of Somerset Co., MD by Ruth T. Dryen p. 15
¨      Wife of John Christopher.
¨      Mother of Spicer, Spencer, and possibly a third son named Bluett.
¨      Mentioned in an account of the estate of her father, John Bluett, 28 July 1748.



John Bluett:
¨      Suspected son of Thomas Bluett and Eleanor Covington.
¨      Husband of Marian Watts.
¨      Father of Martha Bluett, wife of John Christopher.
¨      Was on Somerset County, MD tax records as dependent in household of Thomas Gillis 1735 through 1737, then as Head of household for 1738 and 1740.
¨      Granted to David Polk: for the “sum of 116 pounds current money of Maryland convey to Polk all that part of a tract of land called ‘Little Belean’ or ‘Little Below’ and all that part of the said tract of land which lies on the north side of the Little Cuttemattico Creek being 75 acres more or less,” 29 Jun 1741.

It is not uncommon to take a few steps over the pile of bricks of  a newly broken down wall and run headlong into another one. This is almost the case in searching for John Bluett’s father. A search of historical records for Bluett and its variations (Bluitt, Bluet, Bluit, Blewett and Blewitt) in a wide geographical area in the time frame of John Bluett turned up only one individual: Thomas Bluett. Although as a minister, lawyer, and judge he had records in other areas of the Delmarva peninsula, most records of him were found in Somerset County, Maryland, the same county in which records of John Bluett were found. Thomas is in Somerset’s tax records for some of the same years as John but in different households and was on numerous other public records of the area from 1722 until his death. There are no records revealing a relationship. They could have been father and son, brothers, cousins, or not related at all. Because the earliest public record of Thomas is in 1722, mentioning him as “Rev. Thomas Bluett” and the fact that John’s first mention in Somerset tax records is five years after Thomas’ first mention raises a strong possibility that Thomas is John’s father, an assumption I am making until, and if, I learn otherwise. Besides, Thomas and ancestors of his wife offer a highly interesting heritage.

Thomas Bluett:
¨      Suspected father of John Bluett.
¨      Husband of Eleanor Covington.
¨      Father of Martha, who married Joseph Dashiell, and suspected son John.
¨      Was on Somerset County, MD tax records as Head of household for 1730, 1731, 1735, 1736, 1744 through 1746. He is shown as “Rev.” on some years.
¨      First mentioned in 1722 and as being a minister and a member of Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, a missionary organization of Colonial times. Several other sources mention his being a member of the Society:
¨      In 1730, a slave was brought from Gambia in Africa to Maryland and given the name Job. Finding difficulty in performing the physical labor assigned to him by his master, he ran away, was captured, and put in jail. While in jail he was visited by Thomas Bluett in 1731. Bluett, a Maryland resident, is shown in some old Maryland records as an attorney, some as a judge, some as a minister. Page 851 of Classified Digest of the Records of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 1701 - 1892, lists him as one of the Society’s missionaries. Bluett became impressed with Job, and through another slave acting as interpreter, wrote Job’s biography, “Some Memoirs of the Life of Job, the Son of Solomon, the High Priest of Boonda in Africa; Who was a Slave About Two Years in Maryland; and Afterwards Being Brought to England, was Set Free, and Sent to His Native Land in the Year 1734,” which gained considerable note at the time and still gets considerable mention today. The story can be seen and read on the internet at:  

Bluett had Job write a letter to his father in Africa. The letter had to go through England and somehow ended up in the hands of James Oglethorpe, who at the time was Deputy Governor of the Royal African Company. Oglethorpe had the letter translated by Oxford University. Touched by Job's story, Oglethorpe not only ransomed Job, he invited him to England. Accompanied by Bluett, Job arrived in England in the spring of 1733 while Oglethorpe was off founding the colony of Georgia. After a year of being treated royally, Job got to meet the General when Oglethorpe returned to England for a brief visit in June 1734. A month later, Job was on his way back to Gambia, a journey made possible by two compassionate men: Thomas Bluett and James Oglethorpe. One of the sources for the above was taken from "Life of General Oglethorpe," published in 1890 by Henry Bruce. The book can be seen and read at:|
Another longer slightly different source can be seen and read at:

¨      According to Somerset County, State of Maryland, Judicial Records, 1733 to 1735, p. 26, the chief justice of the court, on 28 Nov 1732, ordered that Bluett recover from his defendant 209 pounds of tobacco, which was like currency, for his costs of suit.
¨      Witnessed will of Philip Covington 22 Jan 1733.
¨      Was attorney for James Shirley 19 June 1733 in suit over debt.
¨      Virginia General Assembly records reveal he was prosecuted 5 Nov 1739 in Richmond County, VA for 'swearing and being drunk.'
¨      Witnessed will of Benjamin Cottmann 1 Dec 1744.
¨      Witnessed will of Ann Walker 11 Sep 1745.
¨      Christ Church Parish, Dover, Del. website lists “Thomas Bluett 1748-1749” as one of its clergymen.  
¨      According to Early Clergy of Pennsylvania and Delaware, S. F. Hotchkin, “Rev. Thomas Bluett, of Dover, in 1748, mentions a sickness so that two, three, or four, or more would die every day; and the church-yard would see from one to two or three daily burials. A Public Fast was observed, and the clergyman preached to the greatest audience he had seen since he came to the place.”
¨      Page 851 of Classified Digest of the Records of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 1701 - 1892, lists BLUETT, Thomas (of Maryland), S in Kent Co., Dover, &c, 1745-9. Died Jan. 25, 1749.,
¨      Quoting the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel Journal as its source, Some Records of Sussex County Delaware, compiled by C.H.B. Turner, page 229, states “… that in February last the Rev. Mr. Bluet Missionary at Dover in Kent
had departed this life not much lamented by his congregation. They had applied to him to serve their church as often as he could, which he had promised to do once in 5 weeks; & tho. by Mr. Bluet's indiscretion the church was reduced to a very low ebb; yet by God's Blessing he hoped to gather the scattered flock together again, & upon his preaching there after Mr. Bluet's death he had between 2 and 300 hearers....” The same book say "Thomas Bluett (Attorney) is shown as giving 2 pounds on a list of donors for buying Missionary William Beckett a farm."
¨      Will: Bluett, Thomas. Will, made July 30 1748. Dover
. Heirs: wife Eleanor; dau. Martha. Exec'x, wife Eleanor. Wits., Nicholas Ridgely, Peter Galloway, Robert Willcocks. Prob. Feb. 3, 1749. Arch. vol A4, pages 149 & 154. Reg. of Will s, Liber K, folio 1.

In the abundance of records of Thomas Bluett, none reveal his origin. The closest possibility found geographically was that of a Captain Bluett who was dispatched to Jamestown in 1619 by The Virginia Company to establish an ironworks. He died shortly after his arrival.

Eleanor Covington:
Daughter of Phillip Covington and Eleanor Bozman.
¨      Wife of Thomas Bluett.
¨      Mother of Martha who married Joseph Dashiell and suspected son John Bluett.
¨      Mentioned in will of Ann Bozman 29 Sept. 1749.

¨      Mentioned in will of Bridget Bozman  21 April 1759.
Died 29 Sep 1797
¨      Will: of Bluett, Eleanor        9 Mar 1797        24 Jan 1798
To gr.son-Benjamin Dashiell, family picture now in poss. of George Taylor of Alexandria to Dashiell Taylor (Under 16) to four children of Robert Handy dec'd, gr.daus- Martha Handy, Susan Handy, gr.sons-Joseph Dashiell Handy, Sanuel Handy,James Bennett, Exec. Wit: George Murray (dec'd by 1798) Temperance McIntyre.
Source: Somerset County, Maryland Will Book EB 7; 1788-1799 Ruth T. Dryden.

Phillip Covington:
¨      Son of John Covington and Mary.
¨      Husband of Eleanor Bozman.
¨      Father of Eleanor wife of Thomas Bluett, Margaret, Mary, Ann, John, Elizabeth, Priscilla, Rebecca, Nehemiah, and Levin.

John Covington:
¨      Husband of Mary.
¨      Father of Phillip husband of Eleanor Bozman, John, Mary, Nehemiah, and Abraham.


Eleanor Bozman:
¨      Daughter of John Bozman and Bandina Risden..
¨      Wife of Phillip Covington.
¨      Mother of Eleanor wife of Thomas Bluett, Margaret, Mary, Ann, John, Elizabeth, Priscilla, Rebecca, Nehemiah, and Levin.
Entered into a indenture tripartite 3 Sep 1755.

John Bozman:
¨      Husband of Bandina Risden.
¨      Father of Eleanor Bozman, wife of Phillip Covington.


Bandina Risden:
¨      Wife of Nehemiah Covington.
¨      Mother of John husband of Mary, Jane, Sarah Katerine, Margaret, and Nehemiah.


Marian Watts:
¨      Daughter of John Watts and Ann.
¨      Wife of John Bluett.
¨      Mother of Martha wife of John Christopher.

John Watts:
¨      Son of James Watts and Elizabeth Youell.
¨      Husband of Ann.
¨      Father of Marian Watts wife of John Bluett, Spencer, John, and Winifred.
¨      Had 600 acres surveyed 14 Apr 1678 on Boqueternorton Bay.
¨      Parcel of land lying upon the north side of "Coutomattico Creek" containing 75 acres of land and marsh being part of tract called "Little Below" bequeathed to him 30 Apr 1716.
¨      Refused to pay duties for a ship he owned and captained 29 Oct 1730.
¨      An inventory of John Watts (deceased) was presented 2 Feb 1737.
¨      More than one John Watts in area makes it difficult to identify which is his of the many records found for that name.

James Watts:
¨      Husband of Elizabeth Ann Youell.
¨      Father of John Watts husband of Ann, Youell, Spencer, and Spicer. If Spicer and Spencer got there names through some family relationship with members of the number of people with those surnames in the Somerset area at the time the Watts were there, the relationship could not be found.
¨      Moved from Maryland across Chesapeake Bay to Westmoreland County, Virginia sometime before his death.
¨      Will of Watts, James, 31 June 1699, 30 August 1699. In the name of God Amen this 31st June 1699. I James Watts being sick and weak in body, but of sound and perfect memory, praise be God for the same and Knowing the uncertainty of this life on earth do make thes my last Will in manner and form following. First I commend my Soul to Almighty God my Creator, believing that I shall receive full pardon & free remissions of all my Sins and be saved by the precious Death of my blessed Savior Christ, Christ, Christ, (sic) and my body to the Earth whence it was taken to buried in a decent and Christian manner, as to my Exe hereafter named shall be thought meet and convement and as touching such worldy Estatae as the Lord in Mercy hath lent me, my Will and meaning is that the same shall be bestowed as hereafter shall be expressed. First I doe revoke & make Void all Wills by me formerly made and declare this my last Will & Testament. Item. I give and bequeath unto my two sons, John Watts & Spencer Watts three Hundred acres of land which I hold in the Eastern Shore, to be Equally divided betweath them, to then and their heirs & forever. Item I give unto my loving Wife, Elizabeth Watts all my Personal Estate to her and her heirs forever and I doe depute and appoint my said Wife to be my whole and Sole Ext. of this my last Will and Testament, as witness my hand and Seale the day and year above mentioned.

Signed James Watts
Signed Sealed & Delivered in presence of us
James Thomas, Rebecca Jones, Jas. Crane
Westmoreland [Virginia] At a Court held for thesaid County the 30th Day of August 1699
The Last Will and Testament of James Watts within written, was this day
proved by the Oaths of all the witnesses thereto Subscribed and a Probat
granted to Eliza. Watts his relict and Ext in the said Will named and the
Will ordered to be recorded
James Westcomb, CWC

After his death, land he had rented in Somerset County was surveyed 6 Apr 1680 for another and the comment, “The person who owned the land, James Watts, went into Pocomoke in Virginia
and died. His son is said to be alive, but the rent not paid,” was included in record.


Elizabeth Ann Youell:
¨      Daughter of Captain Thomas Youell and Ann Lee.
¨      Wife of James Watts.
¨      Mother of John Watts husband of Ann, Youell, Spencer, and Spicer.
¨      Wife of Thomas Atwell after death of James Watts.
¨      Mother of Honora Atwell and Francis Atwell.

Captain Thomas Youell:
¨      Son of Thomas Youell and Ann Sturman.
¨      Husband of Ann Lee.
¨      Father of Elizabeth Ann wife of James Watts, Winifred, Thomas, Penelope, Jemima, and Richard.
¨      He moved from Maryland to Westmoreland County, VA and was a Justice and a member of the House of Burgess.
¨      Was an officer in the Maryland Militia along with Colonel John Washington, uncle of our first president.
¨      Died February 1696 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
¨      Will of Youell, Thomas, Cople Parish, 7 December 1694; 29 May 1695. 95 acres of land to my wife and she to be exx; my grandsons Youell English, Youell Watts and Thomas Spence; daughter Ann Watts; John Atwell; daughter Spence; dau. Winifred English. And Watts, James, 31 June 1699, 30 August 1699. My two sons John and Spencer Watts 300 acres on the Eastern shore; wife Elizabeth
exx. and personal estate. She was daughter of Thomas Youell, will 1695
Source: Westmoreland County, Virginia Wills, 1654-1800
¨      Much about Thomas Youell is on this web page: 

Thomas Youell:
¨      Born 1617 in Wilbrasome, Northamptonshire, England.
¨      Husband of Ann Sturman.
¨      Father of Captain Thomas Youell husband of Ann Lee, Richard, William, and Elizabeth.
¨      One authority states “THOMAS YOWELL was brought into Virginia by WILLIAM CLAIBORNE, which would place his arrival in 1631, at the age of thirteen years. At any rate, he arrived first in Virginia, later going to Kent Island in company with CLAIBORNE.”
¨      Served in the House of Burgess from St. Michael's Hundred in 1638 and for St. Mary's in 1642-49.
¨      Died February 1655 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.


Ann Sturman:
¨      Born 1618 in Haddenham, Buckinghamshire, England.
¨      Daughter of Thomas Sturman and Ann Porter.
¨      Wife of Thomas Youell.
¨      Mother of Captain Thomas Youell husband of Ann Lee, Richard, William, and Elizabeth.
¨      Wife of Augustine Hull after death of Thomas Youell.
¨      Mother of Ann Hull, Winifred Hull, Penelope Hull.
¨      Died 3 Mar 1670-1672 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
¨      From Westmoreland County, Virginia
Deeds, Patents, Etc., 1665-1677, Part 2, pages 31-32:

Will of ANN HULL, widdow, being sick and weake in body, dated 3 May 1670. Unto my loveing daughters ANN HULL, WENIFRITT HULL and PENELOPY HULL each a bed and what shall belong to it and a parcell of new pewter equally. Unto my eldest daughter ANN my best suite of wearing apparrell and to my daughter WENIFRITT my second best suite [of] wearing apparrell and my daughter PENELOPY my two stuff peticoates and my gould ring, and all the rest of my wearing apparrell linnen and wollen made and unmade to be equally devided among my said three daughters. Unto my sonne THOMAS EWELL my biggest brass kitle. Unto my sonne NICH: EWELL one greate iron pott and one brass possnitt[?]. To my daughter ANN one brass skillett. To my three grandchildren ANN EWELL, WHENEFRITT EEWELL and PENELOPY EWELL soe much tobacco as shall buy each of them a cow calfe. In case my daughter ANN shall happen to marry then shee take to her my other two daughters to looke after them provided that her husband be of abelity and putt in sufficient security for the security of the two children's estates when they come of age. What the thirds of my estate amounts to above what legacies I have already given shall be equally devided amongst my three daughters. Unto my daughter ANN my trunk and the trunck ANN has now to my daughter WENIFRITT. To my daughter PENELOPY a little black trunck. To my son RICHARD his father in lawe's chest. To my sonne THO: one little red trunck. My two sons THO: and RICHARD EWELL executors.
Signed: ANN HULL
Witnesses: Joseph (I) Smith, John How
Proved by the witnesses, 31 July 1672.

Thomas Sturman:
¨      Husband of Ann Porter.
¨      Father of Ann Sturman.


Ann Porter:
¨      Wife of Thomas Sturman.
¨      Mother of Ann Sturman.


Ann Lee:


¨      Daughter of Colonel Richard Lee and Ann Constable Owen.
¨      Wife of Captain Thomas Youell.
¨      Mother of Elizabeth Ann wife of James Watts, Winifred, Thomas, Penelope, Jemima, and Richard.
¨      Additional information at:

Colonel Richard Lee:
¨      Born at Cotton Hall, Shropshire, England.
¨      Son of John Lee and Jane Hancock.
¨      Husband of Ann Constable Owen.
¨      Father of Elizabeth Ann wife of James Watts, John, Richard, 
Francis, William, Hancock, Elizabeth, and Charles.
¨      Apparently came to the Jamestown colony in late 1639 or early 1640. Tradition says he accompanied Sir Francis Wyatt (c. 1575–1644) who in 1639 was returning to the colony to serve a second term as governor.

¨      Was the ancestor of the Lee Family of Virginia, many of 
whom played prominent roles in the political and military affairs 
of the colony and state.
¨      Settled at Jamestown
when he first arrived, as did 
almost all colonists. However, by 1640 he had acquired his first 
tract of land, at Tindal’s Point in present-day Gloucester County.
¨      Transported seventeen indentured servants to the colony to 
work the tract. On Poropotank Creek Lee planted tobacco and opened trade with the Indians.
¨      Was appointed to a number of offices in the Jamestown colony, including Clerk of the Quarter Court in 1641; Attorney General in 1643; Sheriff and Burgess of York County in 1646 and 1647, respectively; Secretary of State in 1649; and the Governor’s Council in 1651.
¨      Moved to the south side of the York River
after the Indian Massacre of 1644, staying there until 1653 when he moved back to Poropotank Creek.
¨      Held the office of colonel of the Northumberland militia, the militia being the only military force in the Virginia colony in the seventeenth century.
¨      By the time he died 1 Mar 1664, he owned more than 15,000 acres of land in Virginia and Maryland and a large estate outside of London, at Stratford-Langton.
¨      Buried in the cemetery at Cobbs Hall, near the original mansion site of his grandson, Charles Lee.
Good resources for information on Richard Lee and his descendants:

John Lee:
¨      Son of Richard Lee and Elizabeth Bendy.
¨      Husband of Jane Hancock.
¨      Father of Richard Lee.

Richard Lee:
¨      Husband of Elizabrth Bendy.
¨      Father of John Lee.


Jane Hancock:
¨      Wife of of John Lee.
¨      Mother of Colonel Richard Lee.


Ann Constable Owen:
¨      Daughter of Richard Owen and Frances Constable.
¨      Wife of Colonel Richard Lee.
¨      Mother of Elizabeth Ann wife of James Watts, John, Richard, Francis, William, Hancock, Elizabeth, and Charles.

Richard Owen:
¨      Husband of Frances Constable.
¨      Father of Ann Constable Owen.


Frances Constable
¨      Wife of Richard Owen.
¨      Mother of Ann Constable Owen.

J. G. (Jerry) Braddock Sr:
Check out: Wooden Ships - Iron Men