The following ancestry of William McKinnon was compiled by J. G. Braddock Sr. from notes from him and from the research of others found on the Internet. Kerrie Brailsford, an avid Brailsford researcher in Australia, provided a considerable amount of information through her postings on the Internet, through her BRAILSFORD Family Forum web page at 
and through emails to me.
Also, Amy Hedrick's extensive Glynn County, Georgia genealogy web page was of much help.





  1.  William Boston MCKINNON was born on 30 Sep 1935 in Milledgeville , GA.


  2.  William Boston MCKINNON was born on 25 Jan 1894 in Brunswick , GA.   He died on 10 Apr 1949 in Brunswick , GA.   He was married to Mary Ethelyn NIGHTINGALE on 10 Feb 1927 in Brunswick , GA.

3.  Mary Ethelyn NIGHTINGALE was born on 7 Oct 1902 in Atlanta , GA.   She died on 22 Jun 1981 in Savannah , GA.  

When the Davenport House opened to the public in Savannah as a museum in 1966, Mrs. Ethelyn Nightingale McKinnon was appointed as its director.  In 1977, she received the Davenport Trophy from the Historic Savannah Foundation for her work at the Davenport House. In 2002, the first Ethelyn Nightingale McKinnon Award was presented to longtime volunteer Anne Pearce Moye.

  William Boston MCKINNON and Mary Ethelyn NIGHTINGALE had the following children:

            1          i.          William Boston MCKINNON.




4.  Leonidas Theophilus MCKINNON was born on 20 Aug 1850 in St. Pauls , NC .  He died on 21 Oct 1921 in Brunswick , GA.   L.T. McKINNON DIED. Capt. L.T. McKinnon died last Friday at his home in Brunswick . He was one of the most prominent and most beloved men in this section and his death comes as a shock to the citizens. He held extensive turpentine interests in Glynn, Wayne , Charlton and Camden Counties and was a member of the Ga.-Fla. Investment Co. and the W.C. Hopkins Co.  He was married to Mary BOSTON on 6 Oct 1886.

5.  Mary BOSTON was born on 24 Sep 1866 in Alachua County , FL.   She died on 12 Sep 1956 in Glynn County , FL.   Leonidas Theophilus MCKINNON and Mary BOSTON had the following children:

                        i.          Leonidas Theophilus MCKINNON was born on 14 Jun 1888.  He died on 21 Nov 1900.  
ii.          Winnie MCKINNON was born on 25 Jan 1891 in Georgia .
                        iii.         Gladys MCKINNON was born on 25 Jul 1895.
            2          iv.         William Boston MCKINNON.

Mary Boston McKinnon


Winnie and Gladys McKinnon preparing for a parade in Brunswick


6.  Phineas Miller NIGHTINGALE was born on 12 Dec 1875 in Glynn County , GA.   He died on 17 Feb 1964 in Savannah , GA.   He was married to Mary Ethelyn DOWNING on 12 Jun 1900 in Brunswick , GA.

7.  Mary Ethelyn DOWNING was born on 11 Sep 1877 in Pomeroy , OH .  She died on 2 Aug 1944 in Milledgeville , GA.   Phineas Miller NIGHTINGALE and Mary Ethelyn DOWNING had the following children:

            3          i.          Mary Ethelyn NIGHTINGALE.


8.  John MCKINNON was born on 4 Dec 1804 in Robeson County , NC .  He died on 26 Oct 1866.  He was married to Catherine Gaster MCNAIR.

9.  Catherine Gaster MCNAIR died on 21 Aug 1854.  She was born c1814 in Moore County , NC .  John MCKINNON and Catherine Gaster MCNAIR had the following children:

                        i.          Kenneth MCKINNON. 
                        ii.          Malcom MCKINNON was born in 1833 in Robeson County , NC .  He died in 1869.
                        iii.         Margaret Ann MCKINNON was born c1835 in Robeson County , NC .  She died c1869.
                        iv.         Katherine MCKINNON died in 1904.  She was born c1836 in Robeson County , NC .
                         v.         John H. MCKINNON was born c1840 in North Carolina .  He died c1855.
                        vi.         Mary Caroline MCKINNON was born on 6 Aug 1843 in Robeson County , NC .  She died on 22 Oct 1921.
                        vii.        Hector Theodore MCKINNON died in 1915.  He was born c1845 in Robeson County , NC .
                        viii.       Christian Elizabeth MCKINNON was born c1848 in North Carolina .
            4          ix.         Leonidas Theophilus MCKINNON.
                        x.         Daniel Baker MCKINNON was born 24 Dec 1853 in North Carolina .  He died 13 Jun 1883 in St. Marys , GA.

10.  William King BOSTON was born on 17 Dec 1838 in Georgia .  He died on 26 Jan 1921 in Alachua County , FL.   He was married to Henri French RICHARD.

11.  Henri French RICHARD was born on 28 Apr 1838 in Alachua County , FL.   She died on 26 Apr 1869 in Alachua County , FL.   William King BOSTON and Henri French RICHARD had the following children:

            5          i.          Mary BOSTON .
                        ii.          Julia Camilla BOSTON was born on 22 Aug 1861.  She died on 4 May 1894.

  12.  John Alsop King NIGHTINGALE was born on 12 May 1844 in Camden County , GA.   He died on 25 Oct 1911 in Brunswick , GA.   He was married to Maria Heyward TROUP on 12 Dec 1871 in Savannah , GA.

  13.  Maria Heyward TROUP was born on 19 Apr 1852 in Glynn County , GA.   She died on 6 May 1935 in Brunswick , GA.   John Alsop King NIGHTINGALE and Maria Heyward TROUP had the following children:

                        i.          Brailsford Troup NIGHTINGALE was born in 1873.  He died on 24 Jul 1889.
            6          ii.          Phineas Miller NIGHTINGALE.
                        iii.         Fannie Grant NIGHTINGALE. 
                        iv.         Murray Manachier NIGHTINGALE died on 15 Nov 1877.
                        v.         Matilda Troupe NIGHTINGALE. 

14.  Columbia DOWNING was born on 1 Feb 1844.  He died on 14 Oct 1875.  He built Brunswick Manor at 825 Egmont St. in Brunswick in 1886.  He was married to Mary Helen Frances REMINGTON.

15.  Mary Helen Frances REMINGTON was born on 7 Dec 1850.  Columbia DOWNING and Mary Helen Frances REMINGTON had the following children:

            7          i.          Mary Ethelyn DOWNING.


  16.  Kenneth MCKINNON was born in 1760 in Isle of Skye , Scotland .  He died on 25 Feb 1848 in St. Pauls , NC .  He was married to Catrherine MUNN.

  17.  Catrherine MUNN was born in 1762 in Scotland .  She died on 27 May 1844 in Robeson County , NC .  Kenneth MCKINNON and Catrherine MUNN had the following children:

             8          i.          John MCKINNON.
                        ii.          Ann Nancy MCKINNON. 
                        iii.         Mary MCKINNON. 
                        iv.         Margaret MCKINNON. 
                        v.         Catherine MCKINNON. 
                        vi.         Daniel L. MCKINNON. 
                        vii.        Christian MCKINNON. 
                        viii.       Angus MCKINNON. 
                        ix.         Hector MCKINNON. 

  18.  Malcolm MCNAIR.  He was married to Margaret DALRYMPLE.

  19.  Archibald DALRYMPLE.  Malcolm MCNAIR and Margaret DALRYMPLE had the following children:

              9          i.          Catherine Gaster MCNAIR.

  20.  George Whitefield BOSTON was born on 23 Mar 1812.  He died on 28 Apr 1890.  He was married to Sara Elizabeth TISON.

  21.  Sara Elizabeth TISON was born on 12 Sep 1818.  She died on 3 Aug 1839.  George Whitefield BOSTON and Sara Elizabeth TISON had the following children:

              10        i.          William King BOSTON .

  24.  Phineas Miller NIGHTINGALE was born on 8 Nov 1803 in Cumberland Island , GA.   He died on 21 Apr 1873 in Brunswick , GA.  



Phineas Miller Nightingale
9 September 1869
Will Book G pgs. 426-427
State of Georgia    }
Glynn County        }

I Phineas Miller Nightingale of Cumberland Island, County of Camden in the State of Georgia, being of sound mind and disposing memory, do make, publish and declare this my last Will and Testament, hereby revoking and annulling all Wills heretofore at any time made by me.

  First--I give devise and bequeath all of my estate real and personal and mixed of whatsoever kind and wheresoever situate, including the estate and property, which I took under the will of my late aunt, Mrs. Louisa C. Shaw.  Subject however to the provisions of the second clause of this my will.  To my wife Mary K. Nightingale and the child or children whom I may leave living at the time of my death, equally to be divided between them share and share alike as tenants in common and not as joint tenants, to them and their heirs forever.  The child or children of a deceased child, to stand in the place of and take[?] the shares to which the parent would have been entitled if in life.

  But it is my will that if any one or none of my children should set up an exclusive claim to that portion of my estate which I took under the will of my said aunt Mrs. Louisa C. Shaw to the exclusion of my said wife Mary K. Nightingale from one equal and proportionate share thereof as is hereinbefore divided, and should such claim if made, be judicially established, to the whole or any part of said estate, then and in such event, I revoke the devise herein before declared in favor of my said children, and I give devise and bequeath all of my estate and property real and personal and mixed wheresoever situate unto my said wife Mary K. Nightingale to her and her heirs forever.

  Second--It is my will and I direct that my estate shall be kept together undivided until my youngest child shall attain the age of twenty five years and direct my Executors to manage my estate in such manner as may be most beneficial to it an best calculate to free it from all debt and encumbrances.  And I further authorize them to sell or dispose of any portion or the whole of my estate, and to purchase for it, any other property real or personal they may deem most advantageous and generally to control and manage its affairs, as a prudent and careful man would his own, and to accomplish this purpose I give to them every necessary power and authority.

  And I further direct my Executors, until the debts of my Estate are paid in full, to pay to my said wife if alive or if not to whoever may have the charge of my family such portion of the income of my said estate, as in their judgment shall be proper for the support of my family and on the payment of all of the debts and encumbrances, I direct the net income of my Estate, shall be equally divided between my wife and children until the period appointed as aforesaid for the general division of my estate.

  And lastly I nominate and appoint my said wife Mary K. Nightingale my daughter Louisa G. & my sons John K. and William Nightingale Executrixes and Executors of this my last will and Testament.

  In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal of Brunswick this ninth day of September in the year of our Lord Eighteen hundred and sixty nine.

  P.M. Nightingale

  Signed, Sealed, published and declared by the said Phineas Miller Nightingale as and for his last will and testament, in the presence of us, who at his request, and in his presence have hereunto set our names at witnesses.

  H.A. Kenrick
Wm. W. Watkins
Wm. H. Berrie
Wm. Barkuloo
Notary Public Glynn County Ga.


  Phineas Miller NIGHTINGALE was married to Mary Ray KING on 16 Nov 1836 in Janaica, LI, NY.

  25.  Mary Ray KING was born on 28 Oct 1810 in Jamaica , Queens , NY .  She died on 24 Mar 1894 in Brunswick , GA.   Phineas Miller NIGHTINGALE and Mary Ray KING had the following children:

                          i.          Louisa Greene NIGHTINGALE. 
                        ii.          Mary Ray NIGHTINGALE. 
                        iii.         Martha Greene NIGHTINGALE died in Cumberland Island , GA.
            12        iv.         John Alsop King NIGHTINGALE.
                        v.         Ellen King NIGHTINGALE died in Nov 1933.
                       vi.         Elizabeth NIGHTINGALE. 
                        vii.        William NIGHTINGALE died on 10 Sep 1920.  He was born c1850.

26.  Daniel Heyward Brailsford TROUP was born on 20 Oct 1824.  He died on 29 Oct 1870.  He signed the Ordinance of Secession of Georgia for Glynn County in 1861.  He was married to Frances E. GRANT on 28 Apr 1851.

  27.  Frances E. GRANT was born on 8 Aug 1832.  She died on 21 Mar 1858.  Daniel Heyward Brailsford TROUP and Frances E. GRANT had the following children:

              13        i.          Maria Heyward TROUP.
                        ii.          Hugh TROUP was born in 1854 in Georgia .

  28.  Columbia DOWNING.  He was married to Jane SMITH.

  29.  Jane SMITH.  Columbia DOWNING and Jane SMITH had the following children:

              14        i.          Columbia DOWNING.

  30.  William Holderidge REMINGTON.  He was married to Elizabeth PALMER.

  31.  Elizabeth PALMER.  William Holderidge REMINGTON and Elizabeth PALMER had the following children:

              15        i.          Mary Helen Frances REMINGTON.


  48.  John Clark NIGHTINGALE was born on 28 Jan 1771 in Providence , RI .  He died on 11 Sep 1806 in Cumberland Island , GA.   John Clark NIGHTENGALE:  Last Will and Testament, dated Oct. 23, 1798, in PROAKLIN?, New York , probated Jan. 3, 1817.  Bequeaths to his wife, Martha May Washington NIGHTENGALE; an estate including his share of the estate of his father, Joseph NIGHTENGALE; and after her death, remainder to his son, Amasa Jackson NIGHTENGALE, a minor.  Bequest made to testator's sister, Pollie, wife of Samuel W. GREENE of Providence , and her children

He was married to Martha Washington GREENE on 12 Apr 1795 in Mulberry Grove Plantation, GA.

  49.  Martha Washington GREENE was born on 14 Mar 1777 in Potowomut , Rhode Island ..  She died in Jun 1839 in Savannah , GA.   John Clark NIGHTINGALE and Martha Washington GREENE had the following children:

                          i.          Catherine Littlefield NIGHTINGALE was born c1786 in Cumberland Island , GA.
                        ii.          Joseph Corlis NIGHTINGALE was born c1798 in Cumberland Island , GA.   He died in Cumberland Island , GA.
                        iii.         Ebenezer (Amasa) Jackson NIGHTINGALE was born in 1800.  He died in Cumberland Island , GA.
            24        iv.         Phineas Miller NIGHTINGALE.

  50.  John Alsop KING was born on 3 Jan 1788.  He died on 7 Jul 1867.  He was married to Mary RAY on 17 Jan 1810.

  51.  Mary RAY was born on 17 Sep 1790.  She died in 1873.  John Alsop KING and Mary RAY had the following children:

              25        i.          Mary Ray KING.

  52.  James McGilvery TROUP was born in 1786 in Liberty County , GA.   He died on 25 Apr 1849.  Dr. James M. Troup, who studied medicine in Philadelphia , was a bank president, alderman, major and state Senator for McIntosh County .


Will Abstracts from Glynn County Probate Court Records


James Troup
20 December 1847
Inventories & Appraisements Vol. E pg. 135

I James Troup of the County of Glynn and State of Georgia do make and publish this my last Will and Testament hereby revoking and making void all former wills by me at any time heretofore made. And as to such worldly Estate as it hath pleased God to intrust [sic] me with, I dispose of the same as follows--

        First I desire and direct that all my debts be paid as soon after my decease as possible from the proceeds of the crops and the sale of such Lands, as are not cultivated or being cultivated in rice.

        Secondly I desire and direct that no part of my real or personal Estate that is now cultivated or being cultivated in rice shall be sold for the liquidation of my debts so long as the Executors can control the same.

        Thirdly It is my desire and positive command that no division of my Estate either real or personal shall be made until all my just and lawful debts are paid.

        Fourthly I desire that after all my debts are paid my Estate both real and personal shall be divided in accordance with the Laws and Statutes of the State of Georgia therefore made and provided.

        I do hereby make and ordain my son Daniel H.B. Troup and my neighbor James Hamilton Couper Esquire Executors of this my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I James Troup the testator have to this my Will set my hand and seal this twentieth day of December in the year of our Lord Eighteen hundred and forty seven.

  James Troup

  Signed sealed & delivered in presence of us

Hugh Fraser Grant
Jas. Swan Sullivan
Chas. Grant

  By some strange inadvertence Magt. Grant in writing out the will substituted as first Executor my sons name, the object of this codicil is to rectify the mistake by placing Mr. Coupers name as first Executor.

  James Troup

  Probated 7 May 1849



He was married to Camilla BRAILSFORD.

  53.  Camilla BRAILSFORD was born in 1804.  She died on 9 Sep 1847 in Baisden Bluff , GA.   James McGilvery TROUP and Camilla BRAILSFORD had the following children:

                        i.          Maria Heyward TROUP died Died young..
                        ii.          James TROUP died Died young..
                        iii.         Catherine Augusta TROUP died Died young..
                        iv.         Matilda (Maude) Brailsford TROUP was born in 1820.  She died on 7 Sep 1885.
            26        v.         Daniel Heyward Brailsford TROUP.
                        vi.         Ophelia TROUP was born on 20 Jan 1827.  She died on 20 Nov 1905. 


Memoirs of Ophelia Troup Dent

Laurens County
August 6, 1902

The first Brailsford I know of was my great grandfather, Samuel Brailsford. Whether he was born in this country or in England I do not know; he was a merchant living in London or Liverpool and doing business with the Colonies. He married his wife, Miss Susan Holmes, in Charleston , South Carolina . Their English portraits, and that of his only son, my grandfather William Brailsford, are still in existence. By looking into the history of the Supreme Court of the United States you will find its first case was "Samuel Brailsford versus James Spalding," a wealthy Scotch gentlemen of the McIntosh clan in Georgia, a family with whom in the years to come the closest of ties were formed, and friendships that have gone down to the fourth generation.

My grandfather Brailsford grew up in England, a gay young man, visiting Paris, dressing in fine silks, laces, silk stockings and buckles, the fashion of the day, which we have seen and masqueraded in. He admired the silver forks in Paris so very much that when he had a family of children to bring up properly in Charleston , he imported six small forks for their use, and saw to it that they did use them. (My grandfather was very particular about his children, they must all be straight! My mother as a child on the plantation sprained her shoulder jumping out of a boat. In nursing the sprain she was getting one shoulder higher than the other, it was a source of constant reproof from her father. On their return to Charleston Dr. Barron was sent for and found the collar bone broken. She grew up as straight as an arrow. The young people turned up their noses at eels. His rule was to learn to eat everything,- so he ordered them cooked and served. The cook did not know they were to be cut in pieces before cooking. When the gruesome dish came on table it was ordered off at once and for all.)(1)

A mercantile failure brought the family from England to Charleston . It must have been after the Revolution, from little incidents I have heard related, - sympathy for Andre's family - distain for Arnold 's. The family consisted of Samuel Brailsford, his wife Susan, and three children, Susan, Elizabeth, and William my grandfather. Susan was killed in a carriage accident in New York . Elizabeth never married, was a devotee to religion and feminine friendships, living to eighty years* and leaving my mother her sole heiress, in 1838 or 1839. (Her very old English Bible, in long s's and calf skin binding, filled with devotional thoughts, particularly the book of Psalms, written on the margin in a beautiful English hand, was lost during the war in a warehouse at the Satilla crossing. I tried to recover it, but was unsuccessful.)(2)

I do not know the date of my grandfather William Brailsford's marriage to my grandmother Maria Heyward; (she was born in 1772, and died in 1827.)(3) The Brailsford's came over from England after the Revolution. The first Heyward who settled in South Carolina was Thomas Heyward. To Daniel Heyward, his son, the Crown of England granted a noble estate on the Combahee river, still cultivated by his descendants. Daniel Heyward's two sons by his first wife were Thomas, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and William. The children by his second wife, Miss Gignillait (Huguenot), were Nathaniel, James, and Maria my grandmother. This lady, Miss Gigniliait, must have been most amiable and liberal, for at her death she left her young daughter, Maria, to the care of her step-son William, though she had her two own brothers, - to which trust he and his son William were as true as steel, under trying circumstances. To this day my grandmother is spoken of, in that branch of Heywards, as the only sister of her brothers, Nathaniel and James. As far as I know, her inheritance was equal to theirs. There was a third marriage, but the two children born died young, and their property reverted to my grandmother and her brothers. Thomas Heyward, the elder half-brother, was educated in England ; had just entered as barrister when the Revolution started. He rushed home, threw himself into the strife, was in the first Congress and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. William Heyward had two beautiful daughters, Hannah (Mrs. Trappair), and Maria (Mrs. Drayton of Philadelphia ) , and one son, William, one of whose daughters was. Mrs. Cutting of New York .

My grandmother's brother James married an English woman, and died without children. Between his widow and his brother Nathaniel, was a compromise, honorably carried out, what she, Mrs. Heyward, should keep her husband's property intact until her death, when it would all go to Mr. Nathaniel Heyward, who had been his brother's banker to the half of his fortune. This was the decision of the courts. Both lived to over eighty years. Mrs. Heyward married the second time, - Mr. Charles Baring. She died first, in 1848, her Heyward estate passing over to Mr. Nathaniel Heyward. This gentleman soon became the head of his family, in many ways besides his great wealth. He owned near 3,000 colored people, with land to utilize them. His settlements to his children were princely. Three grandsons who were orphans were brought up as sons in his house. He was a matchmaker, - his sons married Barnwells, Blakes, and Shubricks; his daughters, Manigaults.

The Heywards are very numerous; many are still rice planters; but their wealth is of the past. Plantation management was one of their characteristics, which my grandmother had, and, later, my sister Matilda Troup (your Aunt "Maude") showed in such a wonderful way. Your father comes under a new regime. I do not know the year of my grandmother's marriage to my grandfather, but I know the youngest child was born in 1800. The Brailsfords were highly educated, spirited and gay, spending money lavishly, - a great contrast to the Heywards. Eight children were born to them: - Samuel, killed in a duel in Charleston; Elizabeth, married and died, and had no children; William, U.S. Navy, died at Broadfield; Daniel Heyward, murdered on the stage road twelve miles from Darien; Camilla, married to James Troup 1814, died at Baisden's Bluff September 9, 1847; Eugenia, married and died in 1838 and left no children, and who married John Bell and owned New Hope plantation. Daniel Heyward Brailsford married Miss Jane Spalding. He left two children, one of whom was our charming cousin, Sarah Brailsford, who married Richard Lewis Morris in 1844 or 1845, and died leaving no children, in Darien December 24, 1850.

William married Julia Wardell of New York , 1848. She died, leaving no children in 1858. William died in Bryan county, 1886. To go back to Carolina . - In 1800 much was said of the large bodies of land lying on the Altamaha River . Butler 's Island and Hopeton were settled places, also Broughton Island . Mr. Pinckney had visited the Spaldings at Sapelo Island , on his return giving a glowing description of his visit. Mrs. Spalding, he said, "was a woman who could grace a throne, or make a dairy sweet." She was a wonderfully beautiful woman, with true eloquence and lovely manners. Mr. Spalding was a man of wealth and learning, with a valuable Library, and building Italian palaces to live in. He was a great cotton planter and the chief of the McIntosh clan, giving freely to those requiring it with an unbounded hospitality.

  [Part 2 of 5]
Memoirs of Ophelia Troup Dent

Laurens County
August 6, 1902

Gen. Henry Laurens received grants of land on Broughton Island and Hofwyl, then known as New Hope . My grandfather Brailsford bought Broughton Island from Gen. Laurens' heirs, the Ramsays of Charleston. There was another heir also, as you will see. All the negroes who were of the Hevward estate were moved out in 1802 or 1803, my grandfather coming out with them and settling them. He was courteously received by the surrounding residents and must have found congenial friends on St. Simon Island , where he was kindly entertained. There must have been storms to warn the people, for a barn had been built as a storm house, and Broughton was exposed to the sea on the farthest point back. Between the barn yard and the settlement flowed a broad, deep canal, with a board-and-rail crossing. The order to the overseer was, to move the people in flats across the canal to the barn at the first approach of a storm.

My grandfather returned to Charleston for the summer. All went well until September, when a hurricane swept that part of the coast. Some say the overseer was drunk; certainly when the move was ordered it was too late! One flat load of over 70 men, women and children, was started - they were never seen again, and only heard of by their shrieks through the dismal howling of the wind. The remainder survived. How this appalling news was carried to Charleston I do not know; it may have been by an express messenger by land. Fifty years after, my sister and I were dining at Miss Lynch Bowman's on
Sullivan Island and were asked if the following anecdote of my grandfather was true? - viz.: "The news of the disaster reached my grandfather on the eve of a dinner party. He received and entertained his guests, and no one at the table knew of the tragedy until the next day." I do not think the family were included in this withholding, - it may have been a gentlemen's dinner. I remembered the circumstance, my sister did not; but the direst distress prevailed in the home. The Charleston life was at an end, and the family, except the eldest son Samuel, moved to Broughton Island as soon as a rough house, put up by plantation carpenters, could be built. My grandfather, with his eldest daughter Elizabeth, went ahead of the family and were entertained by Major Butler on St. Simon until it was safe to stay at Broughton. The advent of the Brailsford family - young, with high spirits - was the first event that lifted their people out of their despondency, my mother often said. The effects of the storm swelled the loss of life to 100. No one knew better than they did how to keep up the spirit and loyalty of their people, and to take care of them. To my mother Broughton Island always stood for Golgotha . Of course, with no crops, there were no possible payments. The largest creditor was indignant; he retracted the sale; my grandfather accepted instantly, and held him to it. The other heirs were wiser and held on, - Miss Eleanor Ramsay for one, I know, receiving interest on $9,000 for fifty years, when the debt was paid by my father's executors .

Opposite Broughton lay Broadfield, wooded from one end to the other, and unowned but by the State, - called "Broadface" on surveyors' maps. How possession was given and taken I do not know, you can look it up in Statemrecords. But the first tree felled was by the Brailsfords, and the first bank from the "hollow-over" was a succession of cut trees, on which the Brailsford's walked to and fro while the clearing of land and the building of houses went on. They were a gay-spirited set and took up the gauntlet quickly, without throwing it down. They had broad faces and insisted on changing the name from "Broadface" to "Broadfield." This is how Broadfield came into my family. My grandmother has walked some of the banks or the foundations that your father walks on today, - the fourth generation and all have loved it. I do not know what time they moved over, but Elizabeth Brailsford, my aunt, was married at Broughton to Major Wood, a Virginia gentleman and rice planter. He owned Potosi Island . She lived only a year and died in McIntosh county, leaving no children. At the same time, in Charleston , my uncle, Samuel Brailsford, was killed in a duel with John Parker. They were attentive to the same lady. My uncle was engaged to her, and she was his cousin, Anne Glover. Your fathers grandmother Dent, who knew the Parkers, said his life had been made gloomy and misanthropic by the tragedy. He married another lady. All those events and dates are in the Brailsford
Bible, which Aunt Mary Troup has, rebound by Aunt Maude.

As a rule great misfortunes follow great moves, - acclimating is full of vicissitudes. Until a house was built on the north point of Cumberland island the family summered in Charleston or in McIntosh county. How did they go to Charleston ? In an eight-oared row boat, with a small cabin. During one of these absences my grandfather Brailsford died on St. Simon and was buried at Cannon's Point. He left my mother, a girl of 12 or 14, to his friend Mr. Bailly, a Scotch gentleman and widower and, I think, a university man, celebrated for his wit and sarcasm. He spent his winters at Hofwyl, then a part of New Hope .

In my grandmother's service was a manservant named Frederick . He was not a house servant, his work was outside. He was honest and truthful, a good Waterman, with devoted allegiance. After the death of my grandfather he was the captain of every boat journey that was ever made, and always in attendance on my grandmother, whose sons were absent, one at Cambridge , the other in the United States Navy. Frederick 's judgment on wind and tide was unerring. On one of the trips to Cumberland my grandmother found the keys had been left at Broadfield. Frederick said he would go for them in his paddling canoe and be back the second morning from the day he started, crossing and recrossing St. Andrew sound two hours before day, which he did. As I remember him, he was our fisherman at Baisden's Bluff, with a big boy to wait on him, and we always had on our table the best the river could give. His winters were spent at Broadfield. When my grandmother died in 1837 he came over to Darien (our home) to take his last look of his mistress; he kissed her feet, while the tears ran down his cheeks. He died a short time before my mother, in 1847.

My grandmother, left a widow with an estate heavily in debt, found a priceless friend in her half-brother, William Heyward, and, after his death, his son William. With the latter she had a most tender meeting in New York in 1836, also with many of her near relatives, at the American Hotel, the one of its day. She died six months after, - I think, 63 years old, which would make her birth year 1772. During the brave struggle to pay her debts and save her property the winters were spent at Broadfield and the summers at Cumberland, twelve miles from
Dungeness, the home of Mrs. Shaw, General Nathaniel Greene's daughter. Only formal visits were exchanged. I presume my mother was too young, and my grandmother too grave for anything more.

[Part 3 of 5]
Memoirs of Ophelia Troup Dent

Laurens County
August 6, 1902

In 1877 on a visit to Cumberland I asked our host if anyone remembered the Brailsford Place ? He said he knew it, and his mother, still living, knew the family. She came over to see us, dressed in white, an old lady. She knew them all by name and had kept up with their marriages and deaths, but the number of servants seemed to have held bar. My grandmother's butler, named "Jeems" ( South Carolina ) , was celebrated, one trick was for the way he could open and throw a long tablecloth from one end of a dinner table to the other without a fold. Nothing put into his care was ever known to be lost. I never knew him, but two of her women-servants I remember; one, a small brown woman who nursed all the babies born in our house for a month. She had the care of the old Broadfield House (not the work), which was occupied off and on by my father and uncles, our headquarters being Darien . She was called "My Little Aunt" by our servants; but the big brown woman, who ruled our yard with a rod, was called "My Big Aunt." We children, and everyone else I knew, except my father and mother, called her "Mom Betty." She carried the keys when my mother was confined to her room, and in the spring made us sassafras beer, as in Charleston . She was the most scornful woman, black or white, I ever knew. She took care of the Darien house in the summer. She lived to a great age and died at Broadfield during the war.

Except in Charleston , my mother never went to school; her education was carried on by Mr. Baillie, before alluded to. His home at Hofwyl was only a ten minutes' walk to Broadfield. He was her constant friend and adviser. My mother's peculiar case and leadership in gentleman's society was, I think, intensified by his training. Her brothers nursed the gayety which was inherent. Mr. Baillie was a widower, - society said he would end in a lover. But it was not so; he introduced my father to my mother, my father having settled in Darien from Savannah as a physician. Mr. Baillie did everything to further the match. He was an honored guest in their home, and was loved and esteemed by both to the end of his life in 1836.

On the high ground of Broadfield cotton was planted. It brought a high price, and later on, during the embargo of 1812, both rice and cotton commanded high prices. The risks of shipping, of course, were great. During all these years, my mother, Camilla Brailsford, by the winsomeness of her ways, her high courage and fine judgment, was more than a right hand to her mother. She conquered and rooted out evils, made right triumphant, and by her judicious devotion to their black people gave them a loyalty and contentedness to be proud of. Her undeviating love and reverence for her mother made a tie so strong it could never be broken. When my grandmother divided her property she only took, by Georgia law, a child's portion, and lived with my mother, who taught us all to call my grandmother "Mother," telling us she was our best friend. She was "Missis," - my mother was always called by the servants "Miss Jane;" "Camilla" was too fine for them, except her own immediate servants. After my grandmother's death, she was "Missis."

One little episode in my mother's girl life was the taking a child. In the newness of their experience a young overseer and his family died of fever, leaving one little tot, called ''Jane," they thinking Jane was her name. She took the child and kept her until she had children of her own, when some of the child's relatives in Virginia wrote for her, and after investigation she was sent to them. While a girl, her mother gave her a light colored boy named Jack, to be her page. He brought her notes on a silver waiter and her pocket handkerchief when she dropped it. He grew into a most accomplished butler and manservant, - from the cutting out of a fish hook to making a mustard  plaster; his table service left nothing to wish for. He was a sportsman at heart, having dogs and gun, loved fishing, and after the death of my father and mother Jack left us to his son James whom he had trained, and had his liberty.

The War of 1812 coming on, Cumberland was thought by my grandmother too gay for her daughter - from our own soldiers - and too exposed to Admiral (Cochran's) fleet. Major Wood put at her disposal his summer home on "The Ridge" near Darien . There my mother was married to my father, Dr. James Troup, 1813, by Dr. McWhir, an Irish Presbyterian clergyman, who had been a tutor in General Washington's family a short time. He was a man of firey temper, the terror of school children and examinations. He claimed the hospitality of all the couples he married. One shy young bride started for a seat before the irrevocable words were spoken. The "Rev. Father," as he was called, followed, took her by the arm and put her in place, saying: "Young woman, you are not married yet." (One of the anecdotes told of him was after his marriage to a very nice lady with some means. They had some girls boarding with them to go to school. In a candy boiling one of the girls burned her hand, and screamed out: "It is hotter than hell." The Rev. Father hearing It, ordered her to her room, to stay until she could bound the place she knew so well. She was clever, and, being familiar with surroundings, located Mrs. McWhir's plantation as hell, and her neighbors on the north, south, east and west.)(4)

My mother's marriage must have been in 1813 or 1814. The coast was attacked by English fleets, the outlying islands all visited, and the negroes carried off when it suited them. Darien was under arms; my father was Surgeon. My mother and grandmother were sent to a friend's house (General McCall, I think) in the interior of the state, sorely against my mother's will. All the Broadfield negroes were sent up to my uncle Robert Troup's plantation in Montgomery county. Broadfield was visited, the house broken into and robbed, a lively young fellow going off with them. The second visit "Will" came back, in gay uniform. His old fellow-servants tried to shame him, but Will was not to be downed and returned with his new friends to their boats.

  Mr. Thomas Spalding of Sapelo, with his large family and great possessions in land and negroes, never left the island, the British fleet being in the sound. They were never molested.
In an illness in Mr. Spalding's family my father was sent for in a row boat to Darien . He was overhauled and taken on one of the fleet . While on deck he recognized a small vessel from Broadfield, with rice, trying to run the blockade to Florida . He waived them back with his handkerchief; it was not noticed, neither was he detained. Major Wood, a friend, who was with him for his own pleasure, pled with my father to call him "Mr. Wood" for his safety. For a little while he remembered, but soon the "Major" was spoken, and instantly withdrawn, not before the officers were on the alert, thinking they had a prize. The doctor could go, but Mr. Wood could not. After some expostulation both were allowed to proceed.

Now I will introduce my father, - and if I can not write as much of his side of the house as of my mother's side It is not my fault. The Troups, to whom I belong, were too reserved and silent to give traditions. Their sisters died in childhood. They had lived in many places, shown by the birth places of the children. My grandfather, George Troup, came out from England as bookkeeper to , Mackay & Spaulding on St. Simon Island . The firm had large trading posts in Georgia and Alabama , and as he was sent from one to the other it is easy to see how he was thrown with Catherine McIntosh, whom he married in London , England . I will give you, on another page, their record. My mother tried to glean items from their relatives in McIntosh county and from their friends in Savannah , where they last lived.

  [Part 4 of 5]
Memoirs of Ophelia Troup Dent

Laurens County
August 6, 1902

The Troups as well as the McIntoshes were Stuart adherents, and losing all in the wars and risings the Troups went into the mercantile life in London. Many of the Mclntoshes came to Georgia , with money and servants, - quite a clan. My grandfather Troup's family lived for some years at Belleville , a lovely point of land on the water across from Sutherland's Bluff. There their boys had their guns, dogs and horses, and were always sportsmen. My grandfather Troup died on March 26, in Liberty county, Georgia . After my grandfather Troup's death, my grandmother moved to Savannah . She was a fine woman. Her manners were her great attraction. In receiving and entertaining it was said each guest, from the eldest to the youngest, thought he or she had received most attention. When her three sons were old enough she sent them to a school of note at Flushing, Long Island . From there my uncle, George M, Troup, went to Princeton , New Jersey , and led a party for Thomas Jefferson. Uncle Robert went to New York to study mercantile life, which he never followed, becoming a prosperous cotton planter in Montgomery county.

My father went to Philadelphia to study medicine under Dr. Rush. The three brothers were a model of devotion to each other and to their mother. Uncle George never married until his mother died. He nursed her tenderly through her last illness. He also had the care of his brothers and their embarrassed estate, paying the debts and dividing the inheritance. My grandmother died in Savannah and was put in her cousin's vault, General Lachlan McIntosh. The vault was repaired after 1865 by Mr. Charles Spalding and Mr. Bayard. After a succession of storms, when the old cemetery was changed into Colonial Park , all that was left in the vault (little or nothing, I believe) was interred. A great grandson of General McIntosh, from Chicago , put up a granite monument to General Lachlan McIntosh and a low, handsome iron railing round the enclosure.

On my father's graduating at Philadelphia and returning to Savannah, his friend Dr. James Ewell (a man remarkable for his skill and charming manners) asked Col. Troup as he was then called, and it some authority to give my father a position in the Savannah hospital, which they were then preparing for war in 1812. But the Colonel said "lie did not hold office to enrich hisfamily." So my father was advised to go to Darien , then a promising town andone of two of the largest cotton ports in Georgia (St. Mary was the other), a fine trade with the West Indies , and the country in large rice and cotton plantations. His relatives the "Mallow" Mclntoshes were there, and Mr. Thomas Spalding a cousin; but the friendship quite eclipsed the cousinship, lasting through generations and cemented by marriage. Sarah Morris, nee Brailsford, our cousin, was a charming emanation of Spalding and Brailsford. Capt. Charles Wylly is of the third generation, and your father of the fourth.

In Darien my father, James Troup, met his fate and fortune (a very good one) in my mother, Camilla Brailsford. She was "comme il faut" in appearance and manners, high courage and spirit, with all the Brailsford gayety, cheerfulness and sense of humor, fine administrative ability, a beautiful housekeeper from the garret to the cellar and provider, and all for the comfort of her family. My aunt Mrs. Daniel H. Brailsford has told me that when her husband came from college, before he married her and lived at my mother's, the home evenings, owing to the presence of those two genial spirits, were simply delightful, my grandfather and grandmother enjoying it quietly. Their first home, at Cathead, Darien , was very simple. My father was an excellent physician, with all the practice he could attend to, that of the Spalding family alone furnishing a small income. My mother called those her "monied days." (My father was too reserved and silent for the abandonment of love of children, but we all grew up with high appreciation of what he was - To be left a fair name and a goodly heritage/Are good things.)(5)

In 1824 my father began building his beautiful tabby house, with the same architect, Jay, who had put up the old Habersham and Owens houses in Savannah . I was the first child born in this house. As soon as Uncle George paid the debts of the Troup estate he divided with his two brothers. My father, not wishing to put his negroes on rice fields, bought a fine tract of land known as the "Court House" on the old stage road, planted cotton and corn, and kept cattle. The marsh lands bordering on Sapelo creek, the lowlands and canebrakes, kept cows and sheep in very fine order. The dairy was large enough to oversupply a large family in summer and feed all the negro children with clabber and buttermilk. The quality of the butter was not equal to our neighbors', but found ready purchasers in Darien by "Mom Betty." The increase of negroes under these circumstances was almost phenomenal. In my memory 100 bales of cotton were shipped yearly. An overseer was in charge. In winter my father spent every Saturday there, but in summer it was his (custom to take a) daily ride on horseback, except on Monday and Tuesday, when he visited Broadfield. His summer home was always at Baisden's Bluff, - on a river widening as it took its course to Sapelo sound. His first house was on a bluff 20 feet high, with the channel on the bluff side, very dangerous to children. But the old "tabby" academy building which was converted into a dwelling in 1838 was on a lower bluff, with a natural terrace and a roadway on which a cart could drive up and down, with the marsh grass salt that the horses loved and ate; with the channel on the other side, giving every facility for crabbing and bathing, sailing and boating, and catching every breeze that blew. This was our summer home until 1856, seven years after my father's death.

There were two remarkable springs, - one, the "Dripping Spring," down a natural grotto, where the water dripped from a rocky formation 12 or 15 feet above in a not large opening. It was not deep, but clear and cool, and no pole ever tried reached the depth of it. It ran into the river, but only real storms ever brought the salt water up to make it brackish. The grotto was so dark no young servant would ever go alone after dark for water. This was on our lot. The "Sulphur Spring" was a short walk above or below the bluff, where every high tide in the 24 hours covered it, but two minutes after the tide left it was fresh, cold and clear as crystal, with a strong taste of sulphur, and very light. It did not mix well with liquors, but made beautiful bread.

The Dunwodys lived here for years, the ages of the children tallying with ours. But on her father building her a spacious house at Brighton , Mrs. Dunwody moved there and we lost our neighbor. In my time this Sulphur Spring had only a dug-out cypress log, with a leather hung at the spout. With a change of name from Baisden's Bluff to "Crescent," it may have been given more adorning.

The Dripping Spring was hurt while we lived there from a great excess of rain finding its vent above the spring. On the opposite side was an excavation 400 or 500 yards long and 20 feet deep, made by a planter closing a ditch and not mentioning it.

My father had been left executor to his aunt Mrs. McIntosh's estate at Mallow. One of his cousins, Anne McIntosh, had never married; her lands were near his, and always under his immediate care. I doubt if she knew anything but what the factors' accounts told her, and occasional short visits. She spent her winters at the south with her relatives, and her summers at the north where she had very nice friends. She had a wonderfully nice, light colored maid called Fanny, who went back and forth with her in the most faithful manner. She left her free with my father as guardian at her death, and Fanny established herself in Savannah . She, Anne McIntosh, still made my father executor to her will, and her negroes were to choose their master. An old African among them, named Ned, advised them to remain where they were, - "it was better to belong to a rich man, who never followed you up too close." But they all had to go to the courthouse in Darien to say who they chose. Of course these people were bought; one man, a carpenter, followed his wife.

On the other side of the Altamaha, in Glynn county, very much the same circumstances threw the Brailsford estate into my father's hands, including New Hope . My mother's wishes, his own pride and the clamor of the negroes, that they should not be separated (they were all of Mr. Daniel Heyward's estate, my grandmother's father), brought about this. Poor old Rachael, when she would say "I'm an estate-woman or servant," it meant to her a patent of nobility.

My uncle Daniel Heyward Brailsford left his portion of Broadfield property involved. His widow, my aunt Mrs. Brailsford, preferred keeping her cotton plantation, Sutherland's Bluff, where her home was, intact, and letting the Broadfield property be sold, in 1834. My father had no alternative but to buy.

  [Part 5 of 5]
Memoirs of Ophelia Troup Dent

Laurens County
August 6, 1902

In 1837 the Brunswick Canal was begun, when Brunswick had its first boom, - very much a Boston speculation. My father hired his people for three years, at $10,000 a year, with the restriction of his own overseer and his own visits when required. Broadfield became pasture and the cattle rolling fat; there were many fine marsh tackys amongst them with good blood. My father said this saved him, for the three canal years were not good rice years, and this money reduced his debts.

Mrs. Bell (Eugenia Brailsford, my mother's sister) and her husband dying without heirs, and Mr. Bell leaving it to his family, New Hope and its people were thrown on the market. Biddle's Bank, in Philadelphia , had failed, and the country was passing through a monied crisis, rice selling as low as 40 cents (a bushel). This purchase was put off as long as possible, but eventually New Hope was bought at $26,000. Later, the negroes were ordered to Brunswick to be sold. Then came great lamentation all round. My father went with them, and, finding they were to be picked and chosen, he bought them. The return trip made the woods ring with: "We've won the day!" - "We are going home!" This was in the early 40's. Failures were on every side. Nothing but my father's high integrity, singleness and simplicity of purpose, with the strictest economy at home (for the crops were not large), enabled him to pull through. But at his death, in 1849, the debts were close on to $80,000, and the estate was thought again insolvent, as in my grandmother's time.

Before I go further I will give the record of my father and mother's family, as well as I can remember. Their family Bible Minnie Nightingale has through her father, but there was no record in it, - the one in it I wrote, before giving it to her. Of the dates I am very uncertain, but not of the names of my brothers and sisters. Our winter home was Darien, until in the '40's, when, from the discomfort of a flat roof that would leak, the downfall of Darien as a great cotton port, and for the great advantage to the plantation, we moved over, living first at New Hope, in a small house requiring a bachelor's hall for my brother Brailsford and his friends situated near the dairy, where an old chimney stood.
Our home life was thought a very happy one. We were all united in the worship of our mother, with whom the sun rose and, in her dying, set. I often wished your father could have known her, - he would have loved her dearly, as he did his grandmother Dent. They were both far above the average, with a generous love and high ideals. Our first cousins, Florida and Oralie Troup, Sarah and William Brailsford, were our constant companions. Our Troup cousins lived with us for years. Cousin Florida was married at my father's house in Darien in 1835 to Thomas Bryan, afterward Forman, his grandfather's name. Their descendants are the Robert Waylores and Holmer Conrads of Virginia.

Our aunt, Mrs. Brailsford's home, and servants, were like our own to us. For years our winters were spent a hundred yards from each other; our, summers, in exchange of visits. We had our share of beauty, too. Cousin Oralie was like a queen in hers, and her manners were graceful and elegant. Sarah Brailsford, as I wrote before, was charming in all ways, with great vivacity and spirit. My sister Hannah was lovely and refined in person and manners; she could never have roughed it, yet was ready for any sacrifice for the good of those she loved or for children, - so cheerfully and gently, you would never know the truth until after reflection.

My sister Matilda Brailsford Troup, your "Aunt Maude," became the head of the house at our mother's death, and if she ever failed or fell short in her great responsibilities we never knew it, - few were not satisfied with the, content and pleasures of her house. She had the wholesome tongue, which is a tree of life. After the ruin of the Civil War she came still more to the front, saving from the wreck what she thought most valuable, ever ministering to the needs of those whom God gave her. She educated Uncle,Sidney, who I think loved the ground she trod on. During his four years in Winchester , Virginia , Georgia Conrad took her place, making him think Virginia was as much his home as Georgia . They were his blissful days, - both women were in his heart.

Aunt Clelia, always called "Nina" by her nephews and nieces, was of high spirit and courage, with presence of mind, gay, joyous, happy and independent, giving and receiving, loving youth and children. Her real life, to which she was born and for which she was reared, ended with the war. She gave you many blissful days in your early childhood at Broadfield, which you cannot remember. Her one child, Frank Key, is in the United States Army in the Philippines .

Your father's grandmother, Elizabeth Anne Dent, widow of Captain John Herbert Dent, U.S. Navy, and daughter of Jonas Horry (Huguenot) , sold her plantation, called "Fenwick," in South Carolina, and moved to Georgia in1844, having bought the Cedar Hill plantation on the Altamaha river near Darien. The first Horry mentioned was stabbed to death in the massacre of St. Bartholomew, his son escaping to America . Elizabeth Anne Horry was most carefully educated by French abbes driven to Charleston by the French Revolution. She was highly accomplished, with charming manners and appearance. Her father thought she should be the wife of an ambassador, but she fell in love with a naval officer. In "Memoirs of Washington Irving" by his nephew, in one of his letters you will see his meeting with Mrs. Dent, introduced by Captain Dent, in whose United States vessel he had come from the Mediterranean . Your great grandfather Captain Dent distinguished himself,in the Tripoli War and was presented with a sword by Congress, which sword he lent the great tragedian of the day, Cooper, to play Othello; sailor-fashion, he did not recall it until too late, - in the various vicissitudes of an actor's life it was lost.

Your grandfather, George Columbus Dent, and I were married in the old Broadfield house on the 22nd of November 1847 by the Rev. T. Longfellow Smith. The first eight years of our married life were passed at Cedar Hill, near Darien , (the winters, I mean), with your father's grandmother Dent, whose plantation your grandfather managed. At her death, in 1856, the division of her estate and the Troup estate occurring the same year, we moved over to Broadfield and Hofwyl was settled, your grandfather calling it after the then great Hofwyl school in Switzerland - (Professor Fredenberg) - where he had been educated. From all I hear, it does not stand as it did. The house at Hofwyl was not finished when our Civil War broke out and we left, for four years living in Ware county near Waycross , a miserable wiregrass country. Before we returned the extinguishing cap of defeat was on our heads, our pleasant things were all gone, and strangers in our homes.

Large tracts of valuable lands passed away for taxes, it was not surprising that in many instances two generations passed away in this wreck and ruin. I must close now. Your father can answer your questions; if not, Captain Wylly may. You can rearrange these crude pages to suit yourself - the notes you can use of as you think best - it is only an old woman's recollections, at the request of her grandson. To you and yours and to all who have gone
before you - Pax vobiseum -

Parsonage - June 23, 1904

(6) My sister Clelia had all the instincts of a sportsman, following my father with his dog and gun, keen at crabbing and fishing, going about with bare model feet and ankles, catching, out of the deep holes of mud and water left by the receding, tide, many soft-shell crabs, which we did not know until later were the same delicacy as the Maryland soft-shell crab. She ran a fish-hook into her hand while fishing, and came home holding her hand. There was great distress in the house, for my father was away and a doctor twelve miles off. But Jack, the above mentioned butler, assured our mother, who was in tears, that he could cut it out with his sharpened razor which he did. Jack had a fine cur named Sharper. In some way he bit severely my dear little sister Hannah. Jack, who brought her into the house, said: "Master, shall I kill the dog?" "Certainly not," answered my father, "the dog is not mad; he was protecting what he thought was yours." But my little sister was on her back several days.

All these little episodes were at Baisden's Bluff, a paradise for children. As children, Nina and I, with Cousin Oralie Troup, went down the bluff and finding a large rice flat, tied at one end to the landing, the other end in deep water, and a high spring tide, we three stepped aboard. Nina must have thrown a line, and fell over on the outside end. The third time she rose Cousin Oralie was able to stretch out her hand, catch and draw her in. It was a narrow escape. Nina said her one fear was, being sucked under theflat, and she tried to keep off. She had been a beautiful child. She was always handsome, but not what her childhood promised. But in later life, with her marvelous suit of white hair, a great deal of it returned. Her hair had been black, fine, soft and curly; no scissors had ever been put into it. Her role was social life, but nher religious life ran through it, widening to the end. Her sympathies were immediate, and also she was a generous help in word or deed.

Our brothers Brailsford and Robert were devoted sons and brothers. They were brave, honorable men, good physicians, planters and masters. Their work ended with the war. My brother Brailsford was left executor with Mr. James Hamilton Couper of my fathers estate at the age of 23 years, one year after his graduation, to an almost insolvent property. In five or six years the debts were paid; the heirs lived generously and got whatever they asked for, even a European trip (not such a common thing as it is now) , and we were all united.

My brother Robert served with honor through the war as Captain - always an aid(e) - in Virginia and Georgia, also South. Carolina . His war record and your grandfather Dent's, are in the Abbey at Richmond . Your father can give you the best account. If you wish to have a general idea of your grandfather Dent, read the seventh chapter of "The End of an Era" - John Wise - "My Brother." You must take poetical license, and the knowledge that many facts, traits and circumstances were just the contrary; but the general impression of sensation, gayety, charm, accomplishments, grace and beauty and attractiveness, are well described.


The original manuscript of this document is located at Hofwyl Plantation. Punctuation and insertion of later notes by Mrs. Dent (marked by numbers) and occasional words or letters for clarification were done by a later transcriber or transcribers, and have been retained.


What eventually became Hofwyl Plantation was started by Ophelia the memoir writer's grandfather, William Brailsford, and was developed by him and her father, James McGilvary Troup. It passed from them to her and her husband, George Dent, and through their son,  James Troup Dent and his wife, Miriam Cohen Dent, to their children, Gratz, Miriam, and Ophelia. Ophelia, the last surviving of the three passed ownership on to the State of Georgia.

James Troup Dent

Miriam Cohen Dent & Child

Ophelia, Gratz, Miriam Dent

Ophelia Dent


 Other children of James McGilvery TROUP and Camilla BRAILSFORD:

                        vii.        Clelia "Nina" TROUP was born in 1829.  She died on 22 Jul 1888.
                        viii.       Hannah TROUP was born in 1831.  She died in 1854.
                        ix.         Septima TROUP was born in 1833.  She died in 1835.
                        x.         James Robert TROUP was born in 1835.  He served as a Captain in the Civil War.

 54.  Hugh Fraser GRANT was born on 29 Jan 1811.  He died on 17 Mar 1873.  He was married to Mary Elizabeth FRAZER in 1831.

 55.  Mary Elizabeth FRAZER was born on 19 Oct 1809.  She died on 31 May 1881.  Hugh Fraser GRANT and Mary Elizabeth FRAZER had the following children:

             27        i.          Frances E. GRANT.


96.  Joseph NIGHTINGALE was born on 16 Sep 1748.  He died on 9 Nov 1787.  He was married to Elizabeth CORLIS on 27 Dec 1768.

97.  Elizabeth CORLIS was born on 1 Jun 1750.  She died on 1 Jan 1837.  Joseph NIGHTINGALE and Elizabeth CORLIS had the following children:

             48        i.          John Clark NIGHTINGALE.


98.  General Nathanael GREENE was born on 27 May 1742 in Potowomut , Rhode Island ..  He died on 19 Jun 1786 in Mulberry Grove Plantation, GA.  According to his father's journal, Nathanael was born on the twenty-seventh day of the fifth month of the year.  This makes his birthday July 27th (Old Style) or May 27th (New Style).  He was named for his father, who was a respected minister of the Society of Friends (Quakers) and a prosperous businessman.  Greene's mother was Mary Motte, the second wife of his father.

Shortly before his unexpected death, he purchased Dungeness, a plantation on the south end of Cumberland Island .  

He was married to Catharine LITTLEFIELD on 20 Jul 1774 in Rhode Island .



99.  Catharine LITTLEFIELD was born on 7 Feb 1755 in Block Island , RI .  She died on 2 Sep 1814 in Cumberland Island , GA.   Catharine Littlefield, the eldest daughter of John Littlefield and Phebe Ray, was born in New Shoreham, on Block Island , 1753. 



When very young, she came with her sister to reside in the family of Governor Greene, of Warwick , a lineal descendant of the founder of the family, whose wife was her aunt. The house in which they lived, twelve or fourteen miles south of Providence , is still standing. It is situated on a hill which commands a view of the whole of Narragansett Bay , with its islands. Mount Rope , associated with King Philip, and the Indian traditions, fills the background, rising slightly above the line of the horizon. It was here that Miss Littlefield's happy girlhood was passed; and it was here also that she first knew Nathanael Greene. She often went on a visit to her family at Block Island . Nathanael would come there to see her; and the time was spent by the young people in amusements, particularly in riding and dancing, of which the future general was remarkably fond, notwithstanding his father's efforts to whip out of him such idle propensities. He was not discouraged by the example of his fair companion from any of these outbreaks of youthful gaiety; for the tradition of the country around, and the recollections of all who knew her, testify that there never lived a more joyous, frolicsome creature than "Kate Littlefield." In person, she was singularly lovely. Her figure was of the medium height, and light and graceful at this period, though in after years she was inclined to embonpoint. Her eyes were gray, and her complexion fair; her features regular and animated. The facilities for female education being very limited at that period, Miss Littlefield enjoyed few advantages of early cultivation. She was not particularly fond of study, though she read the books that came in her way, and profited by what she read. She possessed, moreover, a marvellous quickness of perception, and the faculty of comprehending a subject with surprising readiness. Thus in conversation, she seemed to appreciate every thing said on almost any topic; and frequently would astonish others by the ease with which her mind took hold of the ideas presented. She was at all times an intelligent listener. On one occasion, when the conversation turned on botany, she looked over the books and collection of a Swedish botanist, making remarks from time to time which much interested him, and showed her an observer of no common intelligence. This extraordinary activity of mind, and tact in seizing on points, so as to apprehend almost intuitively, distinguished her through life. It enabled her, without apparent mental effort, to apply the instruction conveyed in the books she read, to the practical affairs of life, and to enrich her varied conversation with the knowledge gained from them, and her observation of the world. This power of rendering available her intellectual stores, combined with a retentive memory, a lively imagination, and great fluency in speech, rendered her one of the most brilliant and entertaining of women. When to these gifts was added the charm of rare beauty, it cannot excite wonder that the possessor of such attractions should fascinate all who approached her.

How, when, or by what course of wooing, the youthful lover won the bright, volatile, coquettish maiden, cannot be ascertained; but it is probable their attachment grew in the approving eyes of their relatives, and met with no obstacle till sealed by the matrimonial vow. The marriage took place July 20th, 1774, and the young couple removed to Coventry  

Caty, as she was known by her friends, was attractive and vivacious and would give him six children.  She was the niece of two future governors of Rhode Island and the daughter of the deputy to the General Assembly.   During the war, she visited her husband as much as she could and was very popular with his associates.

Catherine was not content to remain at home without her husband, so she joined Nathanael at his headquarters whenever possible. She had the responsibility of caring for her small children, however. Over the course of the war and shortly after, Catharine had five children that lived past infancy. She was faced with the conflict of mothering her children, yet longing to be with her husband. She desperately wanted to have something like a normal family and when conditions allowed, she brought her babies with her to camp. At other times she left them in the care of family or friends. It was during these separations that Catharine most felt the effects of the war on her family.

When the war finally came to an end and the family was reunited, Caty looked forward to having Nathanael there to share in the responsibility of raising the children and handling business and household affairs. His presence at home "brought a peace of mind unknown to her since the conflict began." She was prepared to let Nathanael take charge and to settle herself into the life of a respected, well-to-do gentleman's wife.

Though Nathanael was not required to be of further service to his country, his involvement in the war had effects in other areas. During his command in the south, he faced very harsh conditions. In order to clothe his soldiers during the winter, he had to personally guarantee thousands of dollars to Charleston merchants. He later discovered that the speculator through whom he had dealt was fraudulent. At the end of the war, the merchants began pressing him for payment on the notes and judgments began coming down from South Carolina courts. He was without sufficient funds and heavily in debt.

Catherine did not adjust well to the idea of being poor. Though they had won the war, they had little to show for it. According to Stegeman, "her dream of wealth and leisure, once the war was over, had been shattered; she could no longer count on even the most basic security." Furthermore, Nathanael decided to move the family to a plantation on the Savannah River called Mulberry Grove, granted to him by the Georgia legislature in gratitude for his services during the war. Here, he hoped to make a living by cultivating rice and pay off their debts by selling their other lands when the markets proved favorable. This was particularly hard on her. She had lived her whole life in the north. She would be leaving behind many friends and what was left of her family on Block Island .

She soon began to realize how heavily these burdens weighed on Nathanael. Catherine now saw before her a "tired, haggard ex-soldier who had given himself to a belief, had signed away his future life, in fact, for that cause." Catharine resolved to do everything in her power to help him. She settled into the arduous domesticity that plantation life required, determined to make Mulberry Grove a success. However, her plan was interrupted when Nathanael died suddenly on June 19, 1786 of sunstroke.

Once again, she took on the familiar role of being both mother and father to her children. She met the pressures of rearing her children and handling Nathaniel's devastated finances with courage and determination. With the help of the new plantation manager, Phineas Miller (who had been her children's tutor), Mulberry Grove was thriving by 1788.

At the urging of a trusted adviser, she personally presented to Congress a petition for indemnity to recover funds that Nathaniel had paid to Charleston merchants. On April 27, 1792, President Washington approved and signed an act that indemnified the Greene estate. In a happy letter to a friend, she wrote:

I can tell you my Dear friend that I am in good health and spirits and feel as saucy as you please-not only because I am independent, but because I have gained a complete triumph over some of my friends who did not wish me success-and others who doubted my judgement in managing the business and constantly tormented me to death to give up my obstinancy as it was called-they are now as mute as mice-Not a word dare they utter...O how sweet is revenge!

That same year, Catherine met a young man named Eli Whitney, who tutored her neighbor's children. With her encouragement he took up residence at Mulberry Grove to pursue his inventions. Within a year he had produced a model for the cotton gin.

At the end of a long courtship, Catharine was married to Phineas. Despite previous success and their best efforts, Mulberry Grove fell upon hard times by 1798. Catharine and Phineas, in financing the cotton gin firm of Whitney and Miller, had lost a great deal of money in a land scam. Caty was forced to sell the plantation, moving her family to Cumberland Island . There she and Phineas established a new home on land that had been given to Nathanael. The plantation, called "Dungeness," thrived. In 1803 Phineas died. Catharine stayed at the plantation until she died in 1814 and is buried there.

Mrs. Catherine MILLER of Cumberland Island :  
Last Will and Testament dated March 10, 1813, probated Jan. 4, 1815.  
Bequeaths to son, Nathaniel R. GREENE, and after his death the bequest to go to his children; Also bequeaths to daughter, Louisa Catherine GREENE, all household goods and the home and plantation know as Dungenness (on Cumberlnad Island); to godson, Phineas Milller KOLLOCK, of Savannah; to nephew, Ray SANDS; to neice, Phoebe R. PAINE;  Other bequests:  To "my best beloved friend", Dr. Lemuel KOLLOCK, 500 acres of her interest in land owned by her late husband, Gen. GREENE, on Duck River in Tennessee; to testator's only brother, Capt. William LITTLEFIELD of Rhode Island, $1000.00; to "my beloved sister", Phoebe SANDS, $1000,00, she residing at Block Island.  To grandson, Phineas Miller NIGHTENGALE, $1000.00; to grand-daughter, Catherine NIGHTENGALE, $1000.00; to grandson, Joseph NIGHTENGALE, $500.00; to grandchildren, George W. SKIPWITH, Peyton SKIPWITH, Gray SKIPWITH, $500.00 each; to daughter, Mrs. Martha W. TURNER of East Greenwich, and daughter, Mrs. Cornelia L. SKIPWITH-LITTLEFIELD, $50.00 each; to Dr. Lemuel KOLLOCK, "a friend indeed", $1000.00; to friend, Russell GOODRICH, $500.00.

Witnesses:  Dr. Nicholas S. GAYARD, Samuel B. PARKMAN, James SHAW. Executors: Louisa C. GREENE, Dr. Lemuel KOLLOCK of Savannah , Russell GOODRICH of Augusta , Ga.  



General Nathanael GREENE and Catharine LITTLEFIELD had the following children:

                         i.          George Washington GREENE was born in 1775.  He died on 28 Mar 1793 in Mulberry Grove Plantation, GA.  He drowned in the Savannah River at the age of 18 and his body lies entombed with his father's in Johnson Square in Savannah ..
            49        ii.          Martha Washington GREENE.
                        iii.         Cornelia Lott GREENE was born on 23 Sep 1779 in Coventry , RI .  She died in 1865.
                        iv.         Dr. Nathanael Ray GREENE was born on 27 Jan 1780 in Morristown , NJ .  He died on 11 Jun 1859 in Greenedale , RI .
                        v.         Catherine GREENE died died in infancy.  She was born.
                        vi.         Louisa Catherine GREENE died on 24 Apr 1831 in Cumberland Island , GA.   She was born c1782.


100.  Rufus KING was born on 3 Mar 1755.  He died on 19 Apr 1827.  He was married to Mary ALSOP.

101.  Mary ALSOP was born on 17 Oct 1769.  She died on 5 Jun 1819.  Rufus KING and Mary ALSOP had the following children:

             50        i.          John Alsop KING.

102.  Corneilus RAY was born on 25 Apr 1755.  He was married to Elizabeth ELMENDORPH on 26 Jul 1784.

103.  Elizabeth ELMENDORPH was born on 24 Jan 1757.  She died on 27 Mar 1823.  Corneilus RAY and Elizabeth ELMENDORPH had the following children:

            51        i.          Mary RAY.

104.  George TROUP died on 26 Mar in Liberty County, GA.  George Troup, came out from England as bookkeeper to , Mackay & Spaulding on St. Simon Island. The firm had large trading posts in Georgia and Alabama .

  He was married to Katherine Owens MCINTOSH in London , England .

105.  Katherine Owens MCINTOSH.  After she died in Savannah, she was put in the vault of her cousin's, General
 Lachlan McIntosh. The vault was repaired after 1865 by Mr. Charles Spalding and Mr. Bayard. After a succession of storms, when the old cemetery was changed into Colonial Park, what little that was left was interred. A great grandson of General McIntosh from Chicago
put up a granite monument to General Lachlan McIntosh and a low handsome iron railing round the enclosure.

  George TROUP and Katherine Owens MCINTOSH had the following children:

            52        i.          James McGilvery TROUP.
                         ii.         George Michael TROUP - see below
                        iii.         Robert TROUP. 

TROUP, George Michael, a Representative and a Senator from Georgia; born at McIntosh Bluff, on the Tombigbee River, Ala. (then a part of Georgia), September 8, 1780; received preliminary education at home and in the schools of Savannah, Ga.; attended Erasmus Hall, Flatbush, N.Y., and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1797; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Savannah, Ga., in 1799; member, State house of representatives 1803-1805; elected as a Republican to the Tenth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1807-March 3, 1815); was not a candidate for renomination in 1814; retired to his plantation in Laurens County; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate for the term beginning March 4, 1817; subsequently elected to fill the vacancy in the term ending March 3, 1817, caused by the resignation of William W. Bibb, and served from November 13, 1816, until September 23, 1818, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Fifteenth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1819 and 1821; Governor of Georgia 1823-1827; again elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1829, to November 8, 1833, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Twenty-second Congress); died while on a visit to one of his plantations in Montgomery County, Ga., April 26, 1856; interment on the Rosemont plantation, Montgomery County, Ga.

Troup County , Ga. is named for him. Also, Troup Square in Savannah .

  George never married until his mother died. He nursed her tenderly through her last illness. He also had the care of his brothers and their embarrassed estate, paying the debts and dividing the inheritance.

George Troup Historical Marker
Located at the Troup County Courthouse, LaGrange , Ga.



106.  Colonel William BRAILSFORD died on 25 Nov 1810 in St. Simons , GA.   He was born c1760.  He grew up in England .

William and his family moved to the Georgia Coast with his family in about 1806 he acquired a property along the Altamaha River between Darien and Brunswick . He established a rice plantation from the virgin cypress swamps, naming the plantation Broadfield.

William died 25 Nov 1810 and apparently left his estate and debts to his wife Maria. The management of the property was apparently entirely in the control of Mrs BRAILSFORD and her daughter, Camilla. Cotton was planted on the high ground as it brought a high price. They must have been successful rice planters as one source says that "the fields [at Broadfield] produced such a fine quality of grain that according to government record, the superior 'Broadfield Rice' on the Charleston market took its name from the Brailsford plantation."

William' & Maria's daughter Camilla  married James M TROUP in about 1813, brother of Georgia Governor George TROUP. James TROUP, later took on the management of Broadfield Plantation.

"Hofwyl Plantation" by Victoria Reeves Gunn pp56-60, dated around 1976. Bill GILES wrote "Gunn compiled this information for the Georgia Department of Natural Resources before the Hofwyl Broadfield Plantation Historic Sitewas opened to the public."

Scanned by Bill GILES at the State Archives in Atlanta
Transcribed by Kerrie BRAILSFORD

[KB note:
* I have put all SURNAMEs in capitals to facilitate reading. This is not the format of the original document.

* Unfortunately the pages with the **footnotes were not scanned**. Many of the notes appear to refer to the "Memoirs of Ophelia Troup DENT", however other sources were obviously used. If anyone has access to this document, I'd love to include the footnotes.]

[begin extract]


After Henry LAURENS' death, Broughton Island was placed on the market by his heirs. Although there is little to document it, it seems apparent that the man who eventually came to own Broughton was William BRAILSFORD of Charleston .

William BRAILSFORD's grandfather, Edmund BRAILSFORD, seems to have been the first of his family to emigrate to South Carolina. Correspondence between Edmund and his father in England indicates that the young BRAILSFORD married against his father's wishes; the father writing in the late 1720's requesting that Edmund allow at least one of the old man's grandsons to return to England. (1) Whether or not this was accomplished at that time is not known, but after Edmund BRAILSFORD's death in the spring of 1733 (2) at least some of the children returned to England.

Samuel BRAILSFORD, a younger son of Edmund and his controversial wife, became "a respectable merchant", dealing in the colonial trade between South Carolina and England , and appears to have quite successfully negotiated two lives on either side of the Atlantic . (3) He married Susan HOLMES of Charleston , but seems to have made his home primarily in England. (4) Whether the couple's children, Susan, Elizabeth and William, were born in England or in South Carolina is not known, but Ophelia Troup DENT recalls in her Memoirs that her grandfather, William, grew up in England, "a gay young man, visiting Paris, dressing in fine silks, laces, silk stockings and buckles." (5)

Although Samuel's business was in England , he retained his ties with South Carolina. He was a founding member of the Charleston Library Society in 1748 (6) and, as tensions between the colonies and Great Britain grew increasingly explosive, joined with several other merchants to draft an address to the King on "the situation of affairs between Great Britain and the American colonies." (7)

The Revolution must have put an end, however temporary, to Samuel BRAILSFORD's business and Mrs DENT stated that a "mercantile failure" (unnamed) brought the family back to South Carolina . (8) While Samuel eventually returned to Bristol and died there, (9) his son, William, apparently chose to remain in South Carolina . He married Maria HEYWARD, a daughter of the great South Carolina rice-planting dynasty, in June of 1786. (10) Maria's half-brother, Thomas, was a signer of the Declaration of Independence (11) and her brother, Nathaniel, was acknowledged to be the largest planter of his day, owning at least 2,500 slaves and seventeen rice plantations. (12) By the time William BRAILSFORD acquired Broughton Island , he had amassed a small fortune, in addition to his wife's, and a large family. (13)

Of the sale of Broughton Island little is known, and existing documentation is frequently contradictory. Sometime prior to 1802, Johnathan FABIAN of Liberty County, Georgia obtained possession of a portion of Broughton Island, one-third of which he offered for sale in the May 25, 1802 edition of the Columbia Museum and Savannah Advertiser:

"The Subscriber being desirous of increasing his number of Field Negroes, and possessing a much larger surplusage of land than he conceives any way expedient for him to retain, offers for sale, at private contract, one undivided third part of Broughton Island, on the Altamaha River, in the South of Georgia, which by an accurate resurvey thereof as late as the year 1795, is represented to contain 2,880 acres of as prime river swamp as any in the two states without exception; which from its peculiar quality is highly adapted to the culture of either cotton or rice. About 300 acres of the Island are under substantial banks, and in a state of progressive improvement of about 230 acres under the growth of rice last year, 15,000 bushels (at least) of grain were brought off the ground, although the force employed in gathering in and securing were by no means adequate for soponderous a crop."

To compound the confusion, David RAMSAY of Charleston , the son-in-law of Henry LAURENS, also advertised one-third of Broughton to be sold or rented in the January 1, 1803 edition of the Georgia Republican and State Intelligencer. Mrs DENT stated that her grandfather "bought Broughton Island from General LAURENS' heirs, the RAMSAYs of Charleston". (14) This seems the more likely, as the Charleston connection remained very strong for the BRAILSFORDs and the two families were certainly acquainted: Martha Laurens RAMSAY was a close friend of William BRAILSFORD's sister, Elizabeth. (15)

There is, however, a deed dated December 2, 1803 between the administrator of the estate of Johnathan FABIAN and William BRAILSFORD, located in the Liberty County records. (16) It conveys two-thirds of Broughton Island by means of an agreement wherein BRAILSFORD takes up "certain bonds" executed by FABIAN to, among others, Dr RAMSAY. There is no deed from RAMSAY directly to BRAILSFORD until, in 1816, after BRAILSFORD's death, a deed between the children of David RAMSAY and Maria BRAILSFORD appears in the Charleston County, South Carolina records. (17) It records, rather obscurely, the division of Broughton Island and conveys one-third of it to Mrs BRAILSFORD. Some legal dispute apparently took place over the Island , which is notclearly recorded in the deed.

At any rate, sometime during 1803, William BRAILSFORD believed himself the owner of Broughton Island and came to Georgia with HEYWARD family slaves, experienced in rice planting, to staff the island, returning the Charleston convinced that the plantation would be in capable hands. (18) Unfortunately, he appears to have made a bad choice of overseers, for, during the great hurricane of 1804, the lives of seventy slaves were lost and Broughton Island devastated, apparently due to the negligence of the overseer. (19)

"The Charleston life was at an end," according to Mrs DENT, and the family "moved to Broughton Island as soon as a rough house, put up by plantation carpenters, could be built." (20) In addition to the personal tragedy involved in the death of the slaves, the event constituted an enormous financial loss. Once again, the fate of Broughton Island is unknown. Mrs DENT related that although one creditor retracted the sale, "the others were wiser and held on, - Miss Eleanor RAMSAY for one, I know, receiving interest on $9,000 for fifty years, when the debt was paid by my father's executors." (21) Mrs RAMSAY's memoirs, however, tell a different story: (22)

"Nearly the whole of Mrs RAMSAY's paternal estate consisted of unproductive Georgia lands, which, from the unsettled state of our foreign relations for the last fifteen years of her life would either not sell or if previously sold, were not paid for. The hurricane of 1804 frustrated a verbal contract for the sale of another portion of her paternal Georgia lands, for 5,000 pounds sterling which still remains unsold and unproductive."

Whatever the disposition, Broughton Island had proved to be unsafe, and, although is a financial bind, BRAILSFORD was in the market for a more secure location for his plantation.

The Broadface tract was advertised for sale in the ( Savannah ) Georgia Republican of February 2, 1806:

"Prime Rice Lands for Sale - All that valuable tract of land fronted and being on the south side of the Altamaha River, known by the name of Broadface Tract, late the property of General Lachlan MCINTOSH, containing 1,755 acres, of which 1,100 acres are prime tide swamp of the first quality and very best pitch of tide; the balance high (well timbered) pineland, and well calculated for a settlement or settlements. This tract is divided into three parts, through the upper third runs a large navigable creek leading to a landing on which may be erected a Rice Mill, Saw Mill, or [Grist?] Mill. This property is situated immediately opposite Major BUTLER's, Demore's Island; and from its local advantages is the most desirable river estate in Georgia."

Lachlan MCINTOSH had sold this property to his son, Henry Laurens MCINTOSH, according to the deed which William BRAILSFORD obtained upon purchasing the lower third of this tract, (23) and the land was rechristened Broadfield, as the young BRAILSFORDs preferred the name. (24) Although Mrs DENT did not record a description of Broadfield House, another source described it as "a wide spreading, two-storied house with great chimneys at either end, hand-hewn timbers above, tabby walls below. A carriage drive led through the center of the first story to a courtyard in the rear." (25) There is no documentation for this description, although it seems to have been fairly typical of the plantation houses of the area, and is probably close to accurate. Many rice plantation houses utilized the high basement with the main entrance on the second floor reached by a long flight of exterior steps; the second story entrance most likely designed to raise the living quarters of the house above the miasma of low-lying places and perhaps to avoid flooding. (26)

In addition, the family required a summer home and, "until a house was built on the north point of Cumberland Island, the [BRAILSFORD] family summered in Charleston or in McIntosh County ." (27) They retained the planter transience; in 1806, for reasons not immediately apparent, but probably having to do with non-payment of debts, a federal court found it necessary to declare William BRAILSFORD a citizen of the State of Georgia . (28)

In the Columbian Museum and Savannah Advertiser of December 16, 1810, the death of the Georgia citizen was duly noted: "DIED, on Monday the 25th ult. On St. Simons [Island] William BRAILSFORD Esq., formerly of South Carolina " No Will has been discovered for BRAILSFORD, but he appears to have left all of his property to the care of his wife, Maria, "a widow with an estate heavily in debt." Unfortunately, Mrs DENT tells little of her grandmother's "brave struggle to pay her debts and save her property." The management of the property was apparently entirely in the control of Mrs BRAILSFORD and her daughter, Camilla. Cotton was planted on the high ground, as it brought a high price, (29) and they must have been successful rice planters as one source says that "the fields [at Broadfield] produced such a fine quality of grain that according to government record, the superior "Broadfield Rice" on the Charleston market took its name from the BRAILSFORD plantation."

  William Brailsford was married to Maria HEYWARD on 20 Jun 1786 in St. Helena's Plarish, SC.

107.  Maria HEYWARD was born on 26 Dec 1767 in St. Helena's Plantation, Beaufort, SC. She died on 3 Apr 1837 in Darien, GA.  Colonel William BRAILSFORD and Maria HEYWARD had the following children:

                         i.          Samuel BRAILSFORD was born on 3 May 1789.  He died on 27 Oct 1807.  He was killed in a duel in Charleston , SC with John Parker over a lady..
                         ii.          Elizabeth BRAILSFORD was born on 3 May 1789.
                        iii.         Elizabeth Jane BRAILSFORD was born on 3 May 1789.  She died on 16 Nov 1807 in Potosi Plantation, Darien , GA.
                        iv.         William BRAILSFORD died in Mar 1812 in Darien , GA.   He was born c1792.
                        v.         John BRAILSFORD was born in 1794.
                        vi.         Daniel Heyward BRAILSFORD was born in 1797.  He died on 22 Aug 1833.  He was murdered on the stage road 12 miles from Darien by John Forbes, an overseer who had been discharged. Amy Hedrick of the Glynn County, Georgia Genealogy web site found an article in "The Ohio Repository" from Canton, Ohio dated 7 February 1834 that states that Forbes was executed and that before this he had tried to cut his own throat but failed.  Then he refused to have a cap drawn over his face. Using the most profane language, he was swung off with a half uttered oath upon his lips.

                        vii.        Maria Eugenia BRAILSFORD was born in 1803 in Charleston , SC.   She died on 19 Jan 1838.
            53        viii.       Camilla BRAILSFORD.

108.  Robert GRANT was born on 15 Jul 1762.  He died on 17 Mar 1873 in St. Simons , GA.   He was married to Sarah FOXWORTH.

109.  Sarah FOXWORTH was born in 1779.  She died on 13 Mar 1859.  Robert GRANT and Sarah FOXWORTH had the following children:

            54        i.          Hugh Fraser GRANT.

110.  Hugh FRAZER was born in 1763.  He died on 12 Dec 1838.  He was married to Frances June BUFORD in 3/1796.

111.  Frances June BUFORD was born in 1780.  She died on 12 Mar 1836.  Hugh FRAZER and Frances June BUFORD had the following children:

            55        i.          Mary Elizabeth FRAZER.



192.  Samuel NIGHTINGALE was born in 1715.  He died on 30 Nov 1786.  He was married to Abigail BELCHER.

193.  Abigail BELCHER.  Samuel NIGHTINGALE and Abigail BELCHER had the following children:

            96        i.          Joseph NIGHTINGALE.

194.  George CORLIS was born on 25 Dec 1717.  He died on 16 Jun 1790.  He was married to Waitstill RHODES.

195.  Waitstill RHODES.  George CORLIS and Waitstill RHODES had the following children:

            97        i.          Elizabeth CORLIS.

196.  Nathanael GREENE was born on 4 Nov 1707 in Virginia .  He died in Oct 1768 in Warwick , RI .  He was married to Mary MOTT on 18 Apr 1739 in Warwick , RI .

197.  Mary MOTT was born on 25 Apr 1708 in Portsmouth , RI .  She was born on 25 Apr 1708.  She died on 7 Mar 1753 in Warwick , RI .  Nathanael GREENE and Mary MOTT had the following children:

            98        i.          General Nathanael GREENE.
                        ii.          Christopher GREENE. 
                        iii.         William GREENE. 
                        iv.         Jacob GREENE. 
                        v.         Phebe GREENE. 
                        vi.         Elihu GREENE. 
                        vii.        Perry GREENE. 

198.  John LITTLEFIELD was born on 1 Mar 1717.

199.  Phoebe RAY.  John LITTLEFIELD and Phoebe RAY had the following children:

            99        i.          Catharine LITTLEFIELD.
                        ii.          Captain William LITTLEFIELD. 
                        iii.         Phoebe LITTLEFIELD. 

200.  Richard KING was born in 1718.  He died on 27 Mar 1775.  He was married to Isabella BROGDON on 20 Nov 1753.

201.  Isabella BROGDON was born on 8 Apr 1731.  She died on 19 Oct 1795.  Richard KING and Isabella BROGDON had the following children:

            100      i.          Rufus KING.

202.  Joihn ALSOP.  He was married to Mary FROGAT.

203.  Mary FROGAT.  Joihn ALSOP and Mary FROGAT had the following children:

            101      i.          Mary ALSOP.

206.  Peter Edmund ELMENDORPH was born on 27 Aug 1715.  He died 7/13/17654.  He was married to Maria CROOKE on 29 Apr 1744.

207.  Maria CROOKE.  Peter Edmund ELMENDORPH and Maria CROOKE had the following children:

            103      i.          Elizabeth ELMENDORPH.

210.  Captain John MCINTOSH.  He was married to Katherine MCGILVARAY.

211.  Katherine MCGILVARAY.  Captain John MCINTOSH and Katherine MCGILVARAY had the following children:

            105      i.          Katherine Owens MCINTOSH.

212.  Samuel BRAILSFORD was born on 8 Feb 1725 in Cookham Berkshire, England.  He died on 26 Jun 1800 in Charleston, SC. Samuel became "a respectable merchant", dealing in the colonial trade between South Carolina and England. He married Elizabeth HOLMES in Charleston  (or Charles Town, as it was known until the late eighteenth century) South Carolina, but made his home primarily in England living in London or Liverpool. Charleston was a busy seaport as well as the seat of the colony's government, and its population increased from May through October, when plantation owners typically lived in town.

Swiss-born Jeremiah Thes was an artist who lived and painted portraits in Charleston from at least 1740 until his death in 1774. Thes was commissioned to paint the portrait of Samuel BRAILSFORD and his wife Elizabeth, and that of his only son, William Brailsford. Elizabeth 's sister, Susannah HOLMES' portrait is dated 1758 and is in the possession of the Charleston Museum. These portraits are still in existence, belonging to family members or the Charleston Museum.

Although Samuel's business was in England , he retained his ties with South Carolina. He was a founding member of the Charleston Library Society in 1748 and as tensions between the colonies and Great Britain grew increasingly explosive, joined with several other merchants to draft an address to the King on "the situation of affairs between Great Britain and the American colonies".

In 1767 Samuel seems to have been residing in Bristol, England, and purchased by Auction some real estate in Charleston, SC on Friend St, between Tradd & Broad Streets. There is mention in the "Dubose Genealogy" of a house being built of bricks from England, in Tradd St between Meering and Church Streets, by Samuel's father Edward, however no further substantiation of this has been found at this stage.

A Mercantile failure brought the family with three children back to South Carolina after the Revolution. Samuel eventually returned to Bristol and died there, whilst his son William chose to remain in South Carolina.

The first case of the Supreme Court of the United States was "Samuel BRAILSFORD versus James SPALDING," - a wealthy Scotch gentlemen of the MCINTOSH clan in Georgia, a family with whom in the years to come the closest of ties were formed for generations to come.

  He was married to Elizabeth HOLMES on 7 Apr 1750 in Charleston , SC.

213.  Elizabeth HOLMES was born c1769.  Samuel BRAILSFORD and Elizabeth HOLMES had the following children:

                        i.          Elizabeth BRAILSFORD was born in 1758.  She died in 1838.
            106      ii.          Colonel William BRAILSFORD.
                        iii.         Susan BRAILSFORD.  She was killed in a carriage accident in New York .

214.  Colonel Daniel HEYWARD was born on 20 Jul 1720 in James Island, SC.  He died on 11 Oct 1770 in Old House, SC.  He was married to Jane Elizabeth GIGNILLIAT in 1763.

215.  Jane Elizabeth GIGNILLIAT was born on 26 Jun 1743.  She died on 29 Aug 1770.  Colonel Daniel HEYWARD and Jane Elizabeth GIGNILLIAT had the following children:

                        i.          James HEYWARD was born on 13 Apr 1764 in South Carolina .  He died on 4 Oct 1796.
                        ii.          Nathaniel HEYWARD was born on 18 Jan 1766.  He died in Apr 1851.
            107      iii.         Maria HEYWARD.

222.  William BUFORD.  He was married to Frances JUNE.


223.  Frances JUNE?.  William BUFORD and Frances JUNE? had the following children:

            111      i.          Frances June BUFORD.





384.  Joseph NIGHTINGALE.  He was married to Hannah PAINE.

385.  Hannah PAINE.  Joseph NIGHTINGALE and Hannah PAINE had the following children:

            192      i.          Samuel NIGHTINGALE.

386.  Gregory BELCHER.  He was married to Abigail BRACKETT.

387.  Abigail BRACKETT.  Gregory BELCHER and Abigail BRACKETT had the following children:

            193      i.          Abigail BELCHER.

390.  William RHODES.  He was married to Mary SHELTON.

391.  Mary SHELTON.  William RHODES and Mary SHELTON had the following children:

            195      i.          Waitstill RHODES.

392.  Jabez GREENE was born on 17 May 1673 in Warwick , RI .  He died on 1 Oct 1741 in East Greenwich , RI .  He was married to Mary BARTON on 17 Mar 1698.

393.  Mary BARTON was born on 1 May 1678 in Warwick , RI .  She died on 6 Mar 1712 in Warwick , RI .  Jabez GREENE and Mary BARTON had the following children:

            196      i.          Nathanael GREENE.

394.  Jacob MOTT.  He was married to Rest PERRY.

395.  Rest PERRY.  Jacob MOTT and Rest PERRY had the following children:

            197      i.          Mary MOTT.

396.  Caleb LITTLEFIELD.  He was married to Mercy MOTT.

397.  Mercy MOTT.  Caleb LITTLEFIELD and Mercy MOTT had the following children:

198      i.          John LITTLEFIELD.

398.  Simon RAY.  He was married to Deborah GREENE.

399.  Deborah GREENE.  Simon RAY and Deborah GREENE had the following children:

            199      i.          Phoebe RAY.

402.  Samuel BROGDON.  He was married to Tabitha BANKS.

403.  Tabitha BANKS.  Samuel BROGDON and Tabitha BANKS had the following children:

            201      i.          Isabella BROGDON.

404.  John ALSOP.  He was married to Abigail SACKETT.

405.  Abigail SACKETT.  John ALSOP and Abigail SACKETT had the following children:

            202      i.          Joihn ALSOP.

414.  John CROOKE.  He was married to Katrina J. MATTHYSEN.

415.  Katrina J. MATTHYSEN.  John CROOKE and Katrina J. MATTHYSEN had the following children:

            207      i.          Maria CROOKE.




424.  Edward (Edmund) BRAILSFORD was born on 10 Apr 1864.  He died c1733.  


(Made available by Kerrie Brailsford)

[The following letters, written from Charles Town during the early years of the eighteenth century, furnish some insight into the times and give a little BRAILSFORD family history. The abstract of the will of Edmund BRAILSFORD, which was published in the fifth volume of this magazine, shows that he had, besides the son Edmund mentioned frequently in these letters, four sons, John, Joseph, Morton and Samuel. The will was made March 24, 1730, and probated April 21, 1733. These copies have been made from some very old copies in the possession of Mr. Morton Brailsford PAINE, of Charleston, who has kindly permitted them to be copied for use here.]

[Note that Edmund BRAILSFORD refers to Edward BRAILSFORD b 10 Apr 1684, son of Edward BRAILSFORD (1640-1730) & Mary.



So Carolina [Date erased]
[But evidently about 1710, since his eldest son was about fifteen in 1727]

Hono Sir
I have ever had great desires, & have often wrot to you what might be called a Letter; but fearful of their being tiresome, have thrown them by contenting myself with acquainting you now & then by a [word missing] that I was Living. This has a Length produc'd a Line from you, which made heart rejoice when I cast my Eye on; but when I had read the contents, I could have wish'd I had Look'd on no more than your name. There are indeed the words Father & son, but the affliction is, that you should remember the relation I bear to you, & forget the Affection is due to it. I think on my Disobedience in marrying against your consent, even while I am writing this: & put as much on that score as you will please to Lay: but as it is now so long since, & that you are never likely to seeme again; I might I should think hope to have it remembred with Less Resentment. I will not offend you so far as to say I do not deserve all this; but a tender heart (& such sure a parent's is to his Child) cannot but with uneasiness to itself punish with severity. It will be always Looking for something to Excuse, & even where it cannot find it, melt into Pity, & forgive where their Judgment tells them it is a weakness so to do. I am speaking of that which of all things is nearest my heart; & you will not I hope be offended if with all humility I endeavour, to make my crime as Excusable as be. You did not I believe deny your consent to my marriage for none other resons, than that you would not because you would not, Something you had been told: what I never knew: but that it may not be worse than I suppose, I will imagine it to be want of Fortune & character in the woman. The first I acknowledge the Truth of, 'thoh should I gainsay it, it would be difficult to convict me: for I have Liv'd in all good Credit, & under such Losses & Disappointments as you would slowly believe. True indeed it is not in such a Country as I have Left, nor in the Affluence my Brother & sisters may do, but if this be a crime, it may be as chargeable on your partiality as anything else. My wifes ffather its True do any thing for his children by way of Fortune, but in their Education, & it has so pleas'd God that they are in good circumstances without it. He was twice Reduc'd by Fire, & put again in the World by a near Relation, who afterwards needing a ffriend himself, his Gratitude in doing for him is the reason why he is not better able to do for his Children. And 'though poverty be a most scandalous Vice, yet there is not surely much Guilt in this. To her character, as I do not know in what particular it suffers with you, so it is impossible for me to speak to it. This only that she has so well play'd the hypocrite, that to me it as well as if she was as good as she seems; & she has so put upon this Part of the World, that every lady thinks her good enough for me. In the Letter was sent to my aunt & which she gave to you; itwas I remember told to her: That my wifes uncle was a sharper of the Town, & that I should be ruin'd if I proceeded. Without saying whether he was so or not so; This uncle of hers is a man who married her mothers half sister & what too if he had been as Ignorant & malicious, as the person who penn'd that doughty Letter: would that effect her. But the occasion of my mentioning it id that I think such Barefac'd malice should bave so far made you to scruple the Truth of any Evil you had heard of her as to have Enquir'd into it which I know you could not have done but would have found it tohave been false & I make no doubt but that she will at the Last day appearto the confusion of those who have done me & her this hurt. Now Sr: if whatI have been Speaking to were your reasons (& none Less I think can be reasons for Parents are not causelessly to Fret their children) The Last asit was grounded on a mistake ceases to be any: and for the first however it might seem to you heretofore it cannot surely be of any great weight with you now. For had I your consent in what Sr: could you have blam'd my marriage. Do but ask your heart (when it is Least against me) that Question& I dare abide by what it says. The same Fact has not always the same Guilt; different circumstances may so alter it that it may be alike in nothing but the name. I have been Disobedient which nothing can justifie, but should hope it has as few accidents to aggravate it as a Crime of that nature will admit: none at Lest more than what a ffather's affection might forgive: & was not your heart Estrang'd from me I [several words obliterated] would not only Listen to what I have said, but think on many things in my favour which it becomes not me to mention, for it is a a nice Thing to speak of oneself as dangerous to Implead a Father, & if this brings nothing to your mind I must speak more plain. All I shall say father is, That if you had been pleas'd to have forgiven me & I had been to you as your other Children I should ever have acknowledg'd it as of your Indulgence, but as it is I surely have some reason to Complain. I know not that in any thing else I ever offended you more than your other Children & to throw me away for one Transgression betrays a great willingness to part with me. It is however my duty still to sue to you for forgiveness which I do & with my prayers to almighty God for you am &c-

Under Cover of Mr Geo BRAILSFORD




So Carolina [Date destroyed]
[transcriber's note, before 1726]

Honored Sir,
[First part torn] n after my arrival promising to be more particular in my next, which I am in some measure prevented in by having Lately been visited by a Fever, which tho I thank God am now perfectly recover'd from, yet it has so put me by in my Business, that cannot well spare any time from that. We had for the main a comfortable passage hither, but not without the Extremest danger of perishing by Tempest & falling into the hands of pirates. No words can discribe the rage of the winds & sea. The steers man was blown from the Helm, to the farther part of the ship, & the one sail we had out, went away as so much muslin. Every thing was in that disorder within, & fury without that all joyn'd in the Cry, We are Lost. The storm began about 2 Clock in the morning, & the most dreadful part was before day, for the heavens were without the Least glimmering of Light, but what it rec'd from frequent fflashes of Lightneing, which serv'd to shew its dismal hue; but nothing of Thunder could be heard for the greater one of wind & sea. We were (as the Psalmist describes it) carried up to the heavens & down again to the deep, our souls melted away because of the trouble: but God heard our cry, he deliver'd us out of our Distress, & in his own goodtime brought us unto thy Haven where we would be. From this time 'till we were near our port, nothing disturb'd us but our fears of the like, & pirates, & then overnight we saw a sail, wch the next morning was directly a head of us lying by for us. This alarm'd us again, & every thing was made ready for an Engagement, but to our comfort, we found the poor people instead of taking us, had 3 or 4 days before been taken by a pirate, which by their accot we saw at that time, but it being in the close of the evening, & at a grat distance, we judg'd he might not see us. What makes this the more probable is, that at that time the Corpse of a Fresh merder'd pass'd by us. This vessel was bound for Carolina , & came from England in the Month of June, as did another who arriv'd but a Week or 10 Days before us. Thus has it pleas'd almighty God, not only to preserve us in great danger, but to send us to our desired port in three Months less time than others.God grant that this his mercy may for ever be on our hearts. Ned was very sea sick for the greatest part of the voyage but Jack & Joe never. They have all had good health since their arrival, and are amongst those who are glad of their Return. I find my Affairs in as bad a condition as they can well be, & the Trade so over done as that I cannot Encourage any one to send Goods to me; and what in this circumstance to do I don't know father. Ned is at present with me helping towards getting in what I can. I have asked him why he does not write you & my aunt but I do not know Wherefore. I employ him to write this & he may add to it what he thinks fit. Mine & Childrens duty is to you, & my aunt, with all our thanks for our obligations to her. I can hardly expect to hear from your & her but I shall always desire it. I am Honord Sir

Your ever Affectionate & Dutiful Son



London Febry 7th 1726/7

Dear Son
I don't doubt but your Wife has given you an account of the death of your aunt & what she Left your son Edward & the Executors doth desire he may be sent to England & I do require the same upon my Blessing & if he should desire to return to you again I will give my consent to it, my Sister has left to your other 4 sons 50 each to be paid them after my death but for your good thinking it may be an advantage to you I am willing to let you have the 200 paid you as you shall direct me to pay it giving me a discharge for the same I desire Ted my see this Letter.

Your Affec: Father Ed: BRAILSFORD


Honord Sir

The 5th May I recd yours under cover of one from Mr ROUSE to Mr RHETT, acquainting me the decease of my Aunt BRAILSFORD, & the will of my Son's guardians that he should return to England . In the first place, I do not think that any Bequest can convey a Title to any person to Supersede that propriety & Jurisdiction to Nature of the relation gives a parent in & over his child. And I am as far from thinking THE LOSING HIS TIME HERE, good reason for the so sending for him; because, whether he has Lost his time, or has not, is a matter utterly impossible to be known to those persons who make it an argument. But when Sr : you know, that he did Lose his time in England , & I know that all he does know is from me, it turns the argument for his continuing here. It is not therefore that I think the Executors have nay right to call him from me, or that I do so plainly as they see, that it will be for his Interest to returne, that I determine to send him, but (for Less reasons) to remove all occasion of thinking Evil, & to shew, that I dare have my Behaviour enquir'd into, of that very person on whose account it is arraign'd. Thus far Sr:, to you as in concert with the Executors & I now turn to you as my ffather, beseeching you to hear me patiently & with an unprejudic'd mind: with supposals that I may have been unkindly us'd, & may not have merited those doubts & questionings of Comon honesty in me. And because we do not readily part with an opinion once receiv'd, I must prevail with you to lay this aside, 'till you can in some measure bring your self so to do.


He was married to Bridgett MITCHELL.

425.  Bridgett MITCHELL was born c1695.  Edward (Edmund) BRAILSFORD and Bridgett MITCHELL had the following children:

                        i.          Joseph BRAILSFORD died on 28 May 1759.  He was born c1720.   
                        ii.          Charles BRAILSFORD was born on 12 Jun 1721.  He died on 17 Jun 1721.
                        iii.         Sarah BRAILSFORD was born before 6 Jul 1722.  She died on 10 Jul 1722.
                        iv.         Morton BRAILSFORD died before 25 Oct 1760.  He was born c1723.
            212      v.         Samuel BRAILSFORD.
                        vi.         John BRAILSFORD was born c1726.

428.  Thomas HEYWARD was born in 1698 in Charleston , SC.   He died on 9 Mar 1737 in James Island, SC.  He was married to Esther TAYLOR on 4 Jun 1719.

429.  Esther TAYLOR was born in 1700.  She died on 25 Nov 1757 in James Island, SC.  Thomas HEYWARD and Esther TAYLOR had the following children:

            214      i.          Colonel Daniel HEYWARD.
                        ii.          Thomas HEYWARD was born on 26 Jan 1723 in James Island, SC.  He died on 20 Oct 1795.
                        iii.         Hannah HEYWARD was born in 1725.  She died in 1737.
                        iv.         John HEYWARD was born on 16 May 1726 in James Island, SC.  He died in 1773.
                        v.         James HEYWARD was born in 1728.  He died in 1761.
                        vi.         Samuel HEYWARD was born in 1732.




856.  Thomas HEYWARD.  He was married to Margaret WRIGHT.

857.  Margaret WRIGHT.  Thomas HEYWARD and Margaret WRIGHT had the following children:

            428      i.          Thomas HEYWARD.