JOHN CUTLER BRADDOCK’S THIRD SON?

Thanks to the foundation laid by the late Helen Hodges, many of us John Cutler Braddock descendants have compiled Braddock genealogy databases of varying sizes. Some of us have presented  them on web pages so that other descendants can learn of their ancestry. As far as I know, everyone of these genealogy databases show John Cutler Braddock and Lucia Cook as having two sons, John David and William, in addition to daughters Lucia Ann, Mary Ann, and Hester. This conclusion was based on abundant Florida and Georgia public records dated after John Cutler Braddock’s death--none from before his death, as far as I know.

I recently received information taken from several Bahamian historical records that strongly indicate the possibility of John and Lucia having had another son, Alexander. The information was transcribed from the original documents--which are on LDS microfilm 0223176--by Yolanda Deale Rotondo, who having ancestry in the Bahamas, is a serious researcher of Bahamian records. She is also moderator of the highly active Bahamian genealogy list (Bahamians@yahoogroups.com).

The first piece of information Yolanda sent me said: "Just located a marriage record for Archibald W. Taylor and Sarah Braddick of Long Island, Bahamas, dated 03/10/1831. Is she one of yours??" Not finding this Sarah in my database among our Braddocks, I thought she might be a descendant of David Cutler Braddock’s brother, John, who kept the spelling, Braddick, so I forwarded it to Julie Smith, a descendant of that line, and she was not able to connect Sarah.

I then received this from Yolanda: "I found a female child, Carolina Mary born to u/k Watson and Louisa Braddick on 02/25/1851."

She then sent me the following transcription:

Bahama Islands
Know all men by these presents that I, Joseph Lake Dorsett, of the Island of New Providence for and in consideration of the sum of fifty six pounds lawful money if the Islands aforesaid to me in hand paid at and before the sealing and delivery of these presents by Thomas Bissett also of said Island the receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge, have bargained and sold and by these presents do bargain, sell and deliver unto the said Thomas Bissett a certain colurd boy slave named John for and during the natural life of Maria Frances Tatnall, Widow. To have and to hold the said colourd boy slave John during the life of the said Maria Frances Tatnall as aforesaid unto the said Thomas Bissett his executors, administrators and assigns and to his and their only proper use and behoof forever. And I the said Joseph Lake Dorsett my executors, Administrators for the said bargained premises unto the said Thomas Bissett for the term aforesaid his executors, administrators and assigns from and against all persons shall and will warrant and for ever defend by these presents. In whereof I have set my hand and seal dated at Nassau in the Island of New Providence on the thirteenth day of November in the fifty third year of His Majesty’s Reign and in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twelve.
Sealed and delivered
In the presence of Joseph L. Dorsett
Alex Braddick Bahama Islands
Registers Office I Alexander Braddick, of the Island of New Providence, gentleman, being sworn declares that he was present and did see the before named Joseph L. Dorsett sign seal; and as and for his act and deed deliver the within bill of sale for the purposes therein mentioned and that he the deponent subscribed his name as a witness to the due execution thereof.
Sworn to this 30th day of Alexr. Braddick
April 1813 before me
John McCartney??? Deputy Register

Yolanda then sent me this astounding indenture from Bahamas Archive records:

ALXBRAD2.gif (77994 bytes)

Yolanda also sent a transcription she made of the first few paragraphs of the indenture"

This indenture made the tenth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty two between Alexander Braddick son and heir of the late John Braddick of Long Island, Planter, deceased of the one part and William Farrington of the Island of New Providence, Merchant, of the other part, Witnesseth that the said Alexander Braddick for and in consideration of the sum of twenty eight pounds current money of the Bahama Islands ………………….. to him in hand paid, at or before the sealing and delivery of these presents, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, hath granted, bargained, sold, aliened, remised, released and confirm unto the said William Farrington (in      actual possession now being, by virtue of a bargain and sale to       thereof made, for one whole year, by Indenture or Lease, bearing date the day next before the date of these presents, and by force of the Statute for transferring of of uses into into possession), two several tracts of on Long Island to wit, one tract admeasuring sixty acres bounded easterly by the sea westerly by Richard Culmers land Northerly by Braddick land and southerly by B. Thompson’s land and one other tract admeasuring eighty acres bounded westerly  by the sea and on all other sides by vacant land at the time of the survey both of which tracts were granted to the said John Braddick by his Majesty’s Royal Letters patent in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty nine.

There is a strong case for Alexander being the third son of our John Cutler Braddock:

1. It is not incongruent for a son of John Cutler Braddock to be residing in the Bahamas:

2.  Alexander, like the names of some other of our early ancestors—John, David, William, Spicer, Spencer—was given to several of John Cutler Braddock’s descendants:

3. John and Lucia, according to reliable church records, were married in 1769. Their first child of which we have record, John David, was born in 1776. It doesn’t seem logical that they would not have had any children for seven years, especially back then, then proceeded to have five in the next nine years. That doesn't seem logical.

4. And the clincher is that the description of both tracts conveyed by Alexander Braddick to William Farrington are almost identical to the description of the two royal grants received by John Cutler Braddock for his part in the Colonel Andrew Deveaux’s raid in April, 1783, which drove the Spanish from Nassau. Those grants are mentioned on pages 252 and 257 of Wooden Ships – Iron Men. During my five year research in preparation for writing the aforesaid book, it is not an exaggeration to say I found every Braddock/Braddick on the mainland of America who made public record from earliest colonial times through 1794, the year the last two of the four heroes of the book died. Additionally, in exchange for information on William Lyford Jr., the man for whom Lyford Cay residential resort in the Bahamas is named, writer Arthur Hailey had someone search all records in the Bahamas Archives from the earliest up to 1800 for mentions of Braddock/Braddick, Lyford, and Spatches. Of the numerous mentions found of these names, the only three Braddock/Braddick names mentioned were David Cutler Braddock, his wife Mary, and John Braddock. John’s name was mentioned twice, on the two  royal grants, and the spelling was "Braddock." After carefully reviewing again my research materials, there is no doubt in my mind that the "John Braddock" receiving the two grants was our John Cutler Braddock. First of all, John’s uncle, Captain William Lyford Jr., according to an affidavit in the Bahamas Archives, was in on the planning and the carrying out of the raid:

Bahamas Department of Archives (C.O. 23/26 Folio 223):
21st. February 1786
A Memorial for Robert Rumer (in response to an accusation that Robert Rumer had not acted in a responsible manner in the attack on New Providence led by Andrew Deveaux)

We being present at the preparation for the expedition against New Providence both at St. Augustine (Florida) and Harbour Island, do hereby testify that Robert Rumer Esq. was extremely vigilant in all respects.

signed: Daniel Wheeler, Commander of Sea Forces, Seth Doud, John Tucker, William Slater Richard Sweeting, Samuel Higgs, Alexander Lorrimer, Michael Samuel Bruhl (Captain of Forresters), Peter Angus (Lt. of Ship Perseverance), John Morris, William Pinker, John Talbot, (Isaac) Baillou, James Scotland, George Holiday, John Buckley, Simon Martingale, William Lyford, Robert Mills.

Secondly, in a sentence in a letter—which appeared in the May 24, 1783 issue of the South Carolina Weekly Gazette—Andrew Deveaux wrote after the raid, he said, "Captains Wheeler and Dow detached about 70 men in boats to board three formidable gallies [Deveaux’s misspellings], that lay abreast of the Eastern Fort, which was effected about the time of my skirmish with the enemy." Question: If you were William Lyford Jr. and you were helping plan a raid that would require three "formidible gallies" command by three combat-ready, seasoned galley commanders, and you had a nephew who fit the job description perfectly, would you suggest him, and possibly his galley, to the planning committee? And, if you were John Cutler Braddock, skilled enough in naval warfare to merit inclusion of your name on three British traitor lists during the Revolution, and your favorite uncle came to you and offered you a day’s work doing what you did best, especially with the possibility of being handsomely rewarded, would you pass up the challenge?

Lastly, did John Braddock who received the 60 acre royal grant and another for 80 acres, both on Long Island, receive them for taking part in the Deveaux raid? William Lyford Jr., one of the planners of the raid received two grants for his part, one on New Providence (which is now the site of Lyford Cay resort) and the other on Cat Island. His Cat Island grant was dated December 12, 1789 and a copy of it is on page 85 of the Bahamas "Register General Department of Land Grants – Book C1. Andrew Deveaux, as leader, received several substantial grants; one of which was on Long Island and was dated December 14,1789 and is on page 86 of Book C1. John’s second grant, the one for 80 acres, is dated December 15, 1789 and is on page 87 of Book C1—three consecutive grants, the first two to men whom a public record includes among the several planners of the raid. Logic says the next one was one of the approximately 150 men who participated in the raid.

Alexander’s indenture states, ". . . son and heir of the late John Braddick of Long Island, Planter, deceased . . ." John Cutler Braddock had been long-deceased by the writing of the indenture. While he was alive, he could have been an absentee plantation owner. That was a common practice; William Lyford had a plantation on his 448 acre New Providence grant while his residence was several islands away on Cat Island. It would not be far fetched to imagine that John sent his son from Georgia to manage his plantation.

I say Alexander Braddick is my long lost 3rd-great uncle.

What say you, fellow descendants of Captain John Cutler Braddock?

J. G. (Jerry) Braddock Sr

Email:jbraddock1@woodenshipsironmen.com